Inventaire des verbes lexicaux : Différence entre versions

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Ligne 15 : Ligne 15 :
 
! français
 
! français
 
! English
 
! English
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[kenderc'hel]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|continuer
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to continue
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[parrañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|empêcher
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to prevent (from)
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[dedenn, dedennañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|attirer
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to interest, to attract
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[malañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|moudre
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to mill, to grind
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[touchañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|toucher
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to touch
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[dresañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|réparer
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to fix
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[anzav]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|avouer
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to confess, to admit to
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[ankounac'haat]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|oublier
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to forget
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[disoñjal]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|oublier
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to forget
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[goloiñ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|couvrir
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to cover
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[hadañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|semer
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to saw
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[dihuniñ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|(se) réveiller
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to wake up
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[kelenn]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|enseigner
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to teach
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[kemm]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|changer
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to change
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[pellaat]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|éloigner
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to move away
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[tostaat]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|approcher
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to come closer
 +
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[dihan]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|arrêter
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to stop
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[diskar]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|abattre, détruire
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to destroy, knock down
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[pilañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|abattre
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to cut down
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[lipañ, lipat]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|lécher
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to lick
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[hejañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|secouer
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to shake
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[gwriat]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|coudre
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to sew
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[luskellat]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|bercer
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to rock
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[krennañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|trembler
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to shiver
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[dornañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|battre (le blé)
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to tresh grain
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[kannañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|battre, se battre
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to beat
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[meskañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|battre (le beurre)
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to churn (butter)
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[leskiñ, loskeiñ, loskat]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|brûler
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to burn
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[deviñ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|brûler
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to burn
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[rostañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|brûler
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to burn
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[poazhañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|brûler
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to burn
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[distagañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|prononcer, délier
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to pronounce, to untie
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[herzel]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|stopper
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to stop
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[c'hwezañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|suer, gonfler
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to swet, to inflate
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[c'hwezhañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|souffler
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to breathe
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[c'hwitellat]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|siffler
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to whistle
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[fiñval]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|bouger
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to move
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[birviñ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|bouillir
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to boil
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[gwial]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|pleurer (avec des cris)
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to cry (with screams)
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[garmat, garmiñ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|pleurer (avec des cris)
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to cry (with screams)
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[leñvañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|pleurer
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to cry
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[gouelañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|pleurer
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to cry
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[ren]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|mener
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to lead
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[yudal]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|crier
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to scream, to shout
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[diskleriañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|déclarer, révéler
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to declare, to reveal
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[kontañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|conter, raconter
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to tell, narrate
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[huchal]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|crier
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to scream, to shout
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[pignat]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|monter
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to climb
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[dezviñ, dozviñ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|pondre
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to lay eggs
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[hopal]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|appeler
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to call
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[gervel]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|appeler
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to call
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[halañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|tirer à soi
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to pull
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[lemel]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|enlever
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to take away
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[kerc'hat]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|(aller) chercher
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to fetch
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[choaz]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|choisir
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to choose
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[gwiskañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|vêtir, revêtir
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to dress (oneself)
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[terriñ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|casser
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to break
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[kempenn]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|apprêter
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to get ready, to prepare
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[livañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|peindre
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to paint
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[fardañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|préparer
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to prepare
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[sachañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|tirer
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to pull, to attract
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[troc'hañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|couper
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to cut
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[pakout]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|attraper
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to catch
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[menel]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|rester
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to stay
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[dougen]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|porter
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to carry
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[dibab]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|choisir
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to choose
 
|-
 
|-
 
| align=left|[[paieañ]]
 
| align=left|[[paieañ]]
Ligne 92 : Ligne 357 :
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to walk
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to walk
 
|-
 
|-
| align=left|pasaat
+
| align=left|[[pasaat]]
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|tousser
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|tousser
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to cough
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to cough
 
|-
 
|-
| align=left|bazailhat
+
| align=left|[[bazailhat]]
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|bailler
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|bailler
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to yawn
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to yawn
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[savariñ, savaret]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|parler
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to talk
 
|-
 
|-
 
| align=left|[[komz]]
 
| align=left|[[komz]]
Ligne 228 : Ligne 497 :
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to discover
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to discover
 
|-
 
|-
| align=left|[[lenn]]
+
| align=left|[[lenn (V.)|lenn]]
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|lire  
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|lire  
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to read
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to read
 
|-
 
|-
 
| align=left|[[serriñ]]
 
| align=left|[[serriñ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|fermer
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to close
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[prennañ]]
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|fermer  
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|fermer  
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to close
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to close
Ligne 243 : Ligne 516 :
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|manquer (de)  
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|manquer (de)  
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to miss
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to miss
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[c'hwitaat]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|manquer
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to fail
 
|-
 
|-
 
| align=left|[[reiñ]]
 
| align=left|[[reiñ]]
Ligne 349 : Ligne 626 :
 
|-
 
|-
 
| align=left|[[kargañ]]
 
| align=left|[[kargañ]]
 +
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|charger
 +
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to load
 +
|-
 +
| align=left|[[sammañ]]
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|charger  
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|charger  
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to load
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to load
Ligne 361 : Ligne 642 :
 
|-
 
|-
 
|-
 
|-
| align=left|melen.[[-aat|aat]]
+
| align=left|[[melen]].[[-aat|aat]]
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|jaunir
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|jaunir
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to become yellow
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to become yellow
 
|-
 
|-
| align=left|fall.[[-aat|aat]]
+
| align=left|[[fall]].[[-aat|aat]]
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|empirer
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|empirer
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to get worse
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to get worse
Ligne 377 : Ligne 658 :
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to be
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to be
 
|-
 
|-
| align=left|sortial
+
| align=left|[[sortial]]
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|sortir
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|sortir
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to go out
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to go out
Ligne 389 : Ligne 670 :
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to rot
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to rot
 
|-
 
|-
| align=left|kuzh.[[-aat|aat]]
+
| align=left|[[kuzhaat]]
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|se cacher
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|se cacher
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to hide
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to hide
 
|-
 
|-
| align=left|semplañ
+
| align=left|[[semplañ]]
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|s'évanouir
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|s'évanouir
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to faint
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to faint
Ligne 408 : Ligne 689 :
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|s'endormir
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|s'endormir
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to fall asleep
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to fall asleep
|-
 
| align=left|distreiñ
 
| style="background:#ff99dd;"|revenir, retourner
 
| style="background:#99ffff;"|to return
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| align=left|bezañ en e sav
 
| align=left|bezañ en e sav

Version actuelle datée du 8 septembre 2020 à 17:16

Cette page dresse un inventaire trilingue des verbes lexicaux en breton.

Cet inventaire est forcément limité. Il ne donne par exemple qu'un seul sens prototypique pour chaque verbe. Pour plus de précisions, on peut soit cliquer sur le verbe et lire l'article qui lui correspond, ou bien se reporter à un dictionnaire du breton (voir aussi la liste complète des verbes lexicaux documentés sur ce site).


Les auxiliaires ont aussi tous un usage lexical (bezañ 'être, exister', kaout/endevout 'avoir, posséder', ober 'faire, fabriquer', gouzout 'savoir, connaître').


Le tableau est dynamique. Appuyez sur les flèches pour que le classement s'opère par ordre alphabétique de la langue choisie.


breton français English
kenderc'hel continuer to continue
parrañ empêcher to prevent (from)
dedenn, dedennañ attirer to interest, to attract
malañ moudre to mill, to grind
touchañ toucher to touch
dresañ réparer to fix
anzav avouer to confess, to admit to
ankounac'haat oublier to forget
disoñjal oublier to forget
goloiñ couvrir to cover
hadañ semer to saw
dihuniñ (se) réveiller to wake up
kelenn enseigner to teach
kemm changer to change
pellaat éloigner to move away
tostaat approcher to come closer
dihan arrêter to stop
diskar abattre, détruire to destroy, knock down
pilañ abattre to cut down
lipañ, lipat lécher to lick
hejañ secouer to shake
gwriat coudre to sew
luskellat bercer to rock
krennañ trembler to shiver
dornañ battre (le blé) to tresh grain
kannañ battre, se battre to beat
meskañ battre (le beurre) to churn (butter)
leskiñ, loskeiñ, loskat brûler to burn
deviñ brûler to burn
rostañ brûler to burn
poazhañ brûler to burn
distagañ prononcer, délier to pronounce, to untie
herzel stopper to stop
c'hwezañ suer, gonfler to swet, to inflate
c'hwezhañ souffler to breathe
c'hwitellat siffler to whistle
fiñval bouger to move
birviñ bouillir to boil
gwial pleurer (avec des cris) to cry (with screams)
garmat, garmiñ pleurer (avec des cris) to cry (with screams)
leñvañ pleurer to cry
gouelañ pleurer to cry
ren mener to lead
yudal crier to scream, to shout
diskleriañ déclarer, révéler to declare, to reveal
kontañ conter, raconter to tell, narrate
huchal crier to scream, to shout
pignat monter to climb
dezviñ, dozviñ pondre to lay eggs
hopal appeler to call
gervel appeler to call
halañ tirer à soi to pull
lemel enlever to take away
kerc'hat (aller) chercher to fetch
choaz choisir to choose
gwiskañ vêtir, revêtir to dress (oneself)
terriñ casser to break
kempenn apprêter to get ready, to prepare
livañ peindre to paint
fardañ préparer to prepare
sachañ tirer to pull, to attract
troc'hañ couper to cut
pakout attraper to catch
menel rester to stay
dougen porter to carry
dibab choisir to choose
paieañ payer to pay
heuliañ suivre to follow
c'hoari jouer to play
tamall reprocher, accuser to reproach, to accuse
koll perdre to loose
kinnig proposer to propose
lonkañ avaler to swallow
laerañ voler to steal
krial appeler to call
pourmen se promener to take a walk
nijal voler to fly
c'hoarzhin rire to laugh
degouezhout arriver, survenir to happen
c'hoarvezout arriver, survenir to happen
redek courir to run
kanañ chanter to sing
kousk dormir to sleep
bale marcher to walk
kerzhout marcher to walk
pasaat tousser to cough
bazailhat bailler to yawn
savariñ, savaret parler to talk
komz parler to talk
prech parler to talk
prezeg parler to talk
kaozeal parler to talk
lakaat mettre to put
lezel, leuskel laisser to let
goulenn demander to ask
mennout vouloir to want
fellout plaire (à) (de), vouloir to want, to be pleased by
plijout plaire (à) to be pleased by
bourriñ plaire (à) to be pleased by
talvezout valoir to be worth
bernout importer to matter
chom rester to stay
hañval sembler to seem
seblantout sembler to seem
diskouez montrer to show
klask chercher to search
lazhañ tuer to kill
gwalc'hiñ laver to wash
gwerzhañ vendre to sell
debriñ manger to eat
evañ boire to drink
deskiñ apprendre to learn
derc'hel garder to keep
mirout garder, se garder de to keep, to keep oneself from
kavout trouver to find
kinnig proposer to propose
gouzout savoir, connaître to know
anavezout connaître to know
karout aimer to love
dizoloiñ découvrir to discover
lenn lire to read
serriñ fermer to close
prennañ fermer to close
hunvreal rêver to dream
mankout manquer (de) to miss
c'hwitaat manquer to fail
reiñ donner to give
tapout saisir, prendre to catch, to hold
labourat travailler to work
sentiñ obéir to obey
sevel (se) lever, monter, construire to stand up, to build
kregiñ commencer to start
komañs commencer to start
paouez cesser to stop
tas tâcher (de) to try
tremen passer to pass
achu, echu finir to end
sikour aider to help
dastum collecter, récolter to collect
diwall garder, se garder de to keep, to preserve
diblas déménager, partir to move
kouezhañ tomber to fall
aozañ préparer to prepare
tennañ tirer to shoot, to pull
prenañ acheter to buy
bevañ vivre, nourrir to live, to feed
skrivañ écrire to write
teuler jeter to throw
treiñ traduire, tourner to translate, to turn
padout durer to last
distreiñ revenir to return
digeriñ (s') ouvrir to open
kargañ charger to load
sammañ charger to load
dimeziñ (se) marier to marry
skeiñ frapper to hit
melen.aat jaunir to become yellow
fall.aat empirer to get worse
mervel mourir to die
bezañ être to be
sortial sortir to go out
mont kuit partir to leave
tufiñ moisir to rot
kuzhaat se cacher to hide
semplañ s'évanouir to faint
steuziañ disparaître to disappear
en em gavout arriver to occur
menel kousket s'endormir to fall asleep
bezañ en e sav se tenir (debout) to stand
mont aller to go
dont venir to come
genel naître to be born
(r)antreal entrer to come in
arruout arriver/devenir to arrive/become
gounit gagner to earn, to win