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This page lists the English terms for the basic notions used in formal syntax. The active links send toward pages of definitions and explanations, illustrated by Breton data.
+
This page lists the English terms for the basic notions used in descriptive or formal syntax. The active links send toward pages of definitions and explanations, illustrated by Breton data.
 +
 
 +
The entries of this lexicon are all searchable on the website via the research box on the right up corner of your screen.
  
 
: For a list of these terms in French, browse the [[glossaire]] in French.
 
: For a list of these terms in French, browse the [[glossaire]] in French.
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* [[Adverb]]
 
* [[Adverb]]
 
* [[Adverbial clause]]
 
* [[Adverbial clause]]
 +
* [[Affirmative]]
 
* [[Affix]]
 
* [[Affix]]
 
* [[Agent]]
 
* [[Agent]]
 
* [[Agreement]]
 
* [[Agreement]]
* [[morphème|Allomorph]]
+
* [[Allomorph]]
 +
* [[Allomorphy]]
 
* [[Allophone]]
 
* [[Allophone]]
 
* [[Analytic verb]]
 
* [[Analytic verb]]
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* [[Analytic tense]]
 
* [[Analytic tense]]
 
* [[Analytic verb]]
 
* [[Analytic verb]]
 +
* [[Answer questions]]
 
* [[Antecedent]]
 
* [[Antecedent]]
 
* [[Anteposition]]
 
* [[Anteposition]]
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* [[Argument]]
 
* [[Argument]]
 
* [[Argumental structure]]
 
* [[Argumental structure]]
* [[Aspect]]
+
* [[Aspect]], [[aspectual]]
 
* [[Auxiliary]]
 
* [[Auxiliary]]
  
Ligne 52 : Ligne 57 :
 
* [[Bipartite negation]]
 
* [[Bipartite negation]]
 
* [[Borrowing]]
 
* [[Borrowing]]
 +
* [[Broad subject]]
  
 
== C ==
 
== C ==
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* [[C Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[C Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[Chain]]
 
* [[Chain]]
 +
* [[Clausal complement]]
 
* [[Clause]]
 
* [[Clause]]
 
* [[Cleft]]
 
* [[Cleft]]
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* [[Competence]]
 
* [[Competence]]
 
* [[Complement]]
 
* [[Complement]]
 +
* [[Complement clause]]
 +
* [[Complementarity effect]]
 
* [[Complementarity Principle]]
 
* [[Complementarity Principle]]
 
* [[Complementizer]]
 
* [[Complementizer]]
 
* [[Completive]]
 
* [[Completive]]
 +
* [[Compound past]]
 +
* [[Compound tense]]
 
* [[Compound words]]
 
* [[Compound words]]
* [[Compound tense]]
 
 
* [[Concessive]]
 
* [[Concessive]]
 +
* [[Conditional]]
 
* [[Conjunction]]
 
* [[Conjunction]]
 
* [[Consecutive]]
 
* [[Consecutive]]
 +
* [[Consequence]] (effect)
 
* [[Consonant mutation]]
 
* [[Consonant mutation]]
 
* [[Constituency]], [[Constituent]]
 
* [[Constituency]], [[Constituent]]
 +
* [[Construct state]]
 
* [[Contact]]
 
* [[Contact]]
 
* [[Copy]]
 
* [[Copy]]
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* [[&|Coordination]]
 
* [[&|Coordination]]
 
* [[Copula]]
 
* [[Copula]]
 +
* [[Copular construction]]
 
* [[Corpus]]
 
* [[Corpus]]
 
* [[Count nouns]]
 
* [[Count nouns]]
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* [[Deontic]]
 
* [[Deontic]]
 
* [[Derivation]]
 
* [[Derivation]]
 +
* [[Desubordination]]
 
* [[Determiner]]
 
* [[Determiner]]
 
* [[Detransitive]]
 
* [[Detransitive]]
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* [[Diminutive]]
 
* [[Diminutive]]
 
* [[Direct Case]]
 
* [[Direct Case]]
 +
* [[Directional particle]]
 
* [[Discontinuous negation]]
 
* [[Discontinuous negation]]
 
* [[Disjunction]]
 
* [[Disjunction]]
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* [[Expletive]]
 
* [[Expletive]]
 
* [[Expletive negation]]
 
* [[Expletive negation]]
 +
* [[Extended projection principle]] ([[EPP]])
 
* [[Extraction]]
 
* [[Extraction]]
  
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* [[Floating quantifier]]
 
* [[Floating quantifier]]
 
* [[Focus]]
 
* [[Focus]]
 +
* [[Forme hypothétique]]
 +
* [[Forme potentielle]]
 
* [[Free]] (cf. [[binding]])
 
* [[Free]] (cf. [[binding]])
 
* [[Fronting]]
 
* [[Fronting]]
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* [[Generative]]
 
* [[Generative]]
 
* [[Genericity]], [[Generic reading]]
 
* [[Genericity]], [[Generic reading]]
 +
* [[Genitiv]]
 
* [[Givenness]]
 
* [[Givenness]]
 
* [[Goal]]
 
* [[Goal]]
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* [[Gradability]]
 
* [[Gradability]]
 
* [[Grammaticalisation]]
 
* [[Grammaticalisation]]
* [[Grammaticality]]
+
* [[Grammatical]], [[Grammaticality]]
  
 
== H ==
 
== H ==
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* [[Head movement]]
 
* [[Head movement]]
 
* [[Head Parameter]]
 
* [[Head Parameter]]
 +
* [[Heritage language]]
 +
* [[Homophone]]
 
* [[Hypocorism]]
 
* [[Hypocorism]]
  
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* [[Indefinite]]
 
* [[Indefinite]]
 
* [[Independent clause]]
 
* [[Independent clause]]
 +
* [[Independent pronouns]]
 
* [[Indicative]]
 
* [[Indicative]]
 
* [[Infinitive clauses]]
 
* [[Infinitive clauses]]
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* ''[[In situ]]''
 
* ''[[In situ]]''
 
* [[Instrumental]]
 
* [[Instrumental]]
 +
* [[Insubordination]]
 
* [[Intensifier]]
 
* [[Intensifier]]
 
* [[Projection|Intermediate projection]]
 
* [[Projection|Intermediate projection]]
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* [[Intonation]]
 
* [[Intonation]]
 
* [[Intransitive]]
 
* [[Intransitive]]
 +
* [[Irrealis conditional]]
 
* [[Irregular verbs]]
 
* [[Irregular verbs]]
 
* [[Islands]] for movement
 
* [[Islands]] for movement
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* [[Kind reading]]
 
* [[Kind reading]]
 +
* [[KLT]]
  
 
== L ==
 
== L ==
  
 +
* [[L1]]
 +
* [[L2]]
 
* [[Landing site]]
 
* [[Landing site]]
* [[Langage acquisition]]
+
* [[Language acquisition]]
 
* [[Last Resort Principle]]
 
* [[Last Resort Principle]]
 
* [[Left-dislocation]]
 
* [[Left-dislocation]]
 +
* [[Left periphery]]
 
* [[Lessener]]
 
* [[Lessener]]
 
* [[Level of representation]]
 
* [[Level of representation]]
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* [[Linguistic Determinism]]
 
* [[Linguistic Determinism]]
 
* [[Linguistic Relativity]]
 
* [[Linguistic Relativity]]
 +
* [[Loanword]]
 
* [[Local domain]]
 
* [[Local domain]]
 
* [[Local]], [[Locality]]
 
* [[Local]], [[Locality]]
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== M ==
 
== M ==
  
 +
* [[Main clause]]
 
* [[Malefactive]]
 
* [[Malefactive]]
 
* [[Mass nouns]]
 
* [[Mass nouns]]
* [[Matrix sentence]]
+
* [[Matrix clause]]
 
* [[Projection|Maximal  projection]]
 
* [[Projection|Maximal  projection]]
 
* [[Merge]]
 
* [[Merge]]
 
* [[Meteorological pronoun]]
 
* [[Meteorological pronoun]]
 +
* [[Middle Breton]]
 
* [[Middle field]]
 
* [[Middle field]]
 
* [[Minimalist program]]
 
* [[Minimalist program]]
 
* [[Minimizer]]
 
* [[Minimizer]]
 
* [[Projection|Minimal  projection]]
 
* [[Projection|Minimal  projection]]
* [[Modal]]
+
* [[Modal]], [[Modals]]
 
* [[Modal constructions]]
 
* [[Modal constructions]]
 
* [[Modification]]
 
* [[Modification]]
 
* [[Module]]
 
* [[Module]]
 +
* [[Month name]]
 
* [[Mood]]
 
* [[Mood]]
 
* [[Morpheme]]
 
* [[Morpheme]]
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* [[Negative polarity item]], ([[NPI]])
 
* [[Negative polarity item]], ([[NPI]])
 
* [[Negative word]]
 
* [[Negative word]]
 +
* [[Neo-Breton]]
 
* [[IN|Neuter]]
 
* [[IN|Neuter]]
 
* [[Node]]
 
* [[Node]]
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* [[Oblique Case]]
 
* [[Oblique Case]]
 
* [[Object]]
 
* [[Object]]
 +
* [[Old Breton]]
 
* [[Operator]]
 
* [[Operator]]
 
* [[Optative]]
 
* [[Optative]]
Ligne 286 : Ligne 321 :
  
  
 +
* [[Parataxis]]
 
* [[Parsing]]
 
* [[Parsing]]
 +
* [[Past Conditional]]
 
* [[Particle o]]
 
* [[Particle o]]
 
* [[Patient]]
 
* [[Patient]]
 +
* [[Perfect tense]]
 
* [[Perfective]]
 
* [[Perfective]]
 
* [[Periphery]]
 
* [[Periphery]]
* [[Person]]
+
* [[Person zero]]
 
* [[Person/case constraint]] (PCC)
 
* [[Person/case constraint]] (PCC)
 
* [[Personal pronoun]]
 
* [[Personal pronoun]]
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* [[Phonology]]
 
* [[Phonology]]
 
* [[Pidgin]]
 
* [[Pidgin]]
 +
* [[Place-names]]
 
* [[Pluperfect tense]]
 
* [[Pluperfect tense]]
 
* [[Plural]]
 
* [[Plural]]
 
* [[Pluralia tantum]]
 
* [[Pluralia tantum]]
 +
* [[Pluralization]]
 +
* [[Polar questions]]
 
* [[Poor agreement]]
 
* [[Poor agreement]]
 
* [[Possessor]]
 
* [[Possessor]]
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* [[Predicate]]
 
* [[Predicate]]
 
* [[Prefix]]
 
* [[Prefix]]
 +
* [[Pre-modern Breton]]
 
* [[Prepositions]]
 
* [[Prepositions]]
 +
* [[Present]]
 +
* [[Present conditional]]
 +
* [[Principal clause]]
 
* [[Proclitic]]
 
* [[Proclitic]]
 
* [[Progressive]]
 
* [[Progressive]]
 
* [[Progressive degree modification]]
 
* [[Progressive degree modification]]
 +
* [[Pronominal A-form]]
 
* [[Pronom vide|PRO]], ''[[Pronom vide|pro]]''
 
* [[Pronom vide|PRO]], ''[[Pronom vide|pro]]''
 
* [[Pronoun]]
 
* [[Pronoun]]
Ligne 325 : Ligne 371 :
 
* [[Q particle]]
 
* [[Q particle]]
 
* [[Quantifier]]
 
* [[Quantifier]]
 +
  
 
== R ==
 
== R ==
Ligne 331 : Ligne 378 :
 
* [[Raising]]
 
* [[Raising]]
 
* [[Raising verb]]
 
* [[Raising verb]]
 +
* [[Realis conditional]]
 
* [[Reciprocal]]
 
* [[Reciprocal]]
 
* [[Reconstruction]]
 
* [[Reconstruction]]
Ligne 338 : Ligne 386 :
 
* [[Referential expression]]
 
* [[Referential expression]]
 
* [[Referential index]]
 
* [[Referential index]]
 +
* [[Reflexive]]
 +
* [[Relative]], [[Relative clause]]
 +
* [[Relative pronoun]]
 
* [[Relevance]]
 
* [[Relevance]]
 
* [[Restrictivity]]
 
* [[Restrictivity]]
Ligne 362 : Ligne 413 :
 
* [[Specifier]]
 
* [[Specifier]]
 
* [[Speech level]]
 
* [[Speech level]]
 +
* [[Spirantization]]
 +
* [[Split ergativity]]
 
* [[Standardization]]
 
* [[Standardization]]
 
* [[Stylistic Fronting]]
 
* [[Stylistic Fronting]]
Ligne 378 : Ligne 431 :
 
== T ==
 
== T ==
  
 +
* [[Tag questions]]
 
* [[Tense]]
 
* [[Tense]]
 
* [[That-trace effect]]
 
* [[That-trace effect]]
Ligne 384 : Ligne 438 :
 
* [[Thematic rôle]]
 
* [[Thematic rôle]]
 
* [[Thematic structure]]
 
* [[Thematic structure]]
 +
* [[Time]]
 
* [[Topic]]
 
* [[Topic]]
 +
* [[Topic-drop]]
 
* [[Trace]]
 
* [[Trace]]
 
* [[Transformation]]
 
* [[Transformation]]
Ligne 400 : Ligne 456 :
 
== V ==
 
== V ==
  
 +
* [[Vannetais]]
 
* [[V1]], [[V2]], [[V3]]
 
* [[V1]], [[V2]], [[V3]]
 
* [[Verbal particle]] ([[rannig]])
 
* [[Verbal particle]] ([[rannig]])
Ligne 417 : Ligne 474 :
 
* [[Wrong subject construction]]
 
* [[Wrong subject construction]]
 
* [[X-barre]]
 
* [[X-barre]]
 +
* [[Yes/no questions]]
 
* [[Zero morpheme]]
 
* [[Zero morpheme]]
  

Version actuelle datée du 9 janvier 2021 à 21:27

This page lists the English terms for the basic notions used in descriptive or formal syntax. The active links send toward pages of definitions and explanations, illustrated by Breton data.

The entries of this lexicon are all searchable on the website via the research box on the right up corner of your screen.

For a list of these terms in French, browse the glossaire in French.
For a list of these terms in Breton, browse the glossary in Breton.


A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q


R

S

T

U

V

W, X, Y, Z

Bibliographie pédagogique

  • Doetjes, Jenny. 2006. Introduction à la phonologie française, matériaux de cours, Département de français, Université de Leyde.
  • Doetjes, Jenny. 2003. Introduction à la syntaxe française, matériaux de cours, Département de français, Université de Leyde.
  • Radford, A. 1997. Syntax, a Minimalist introduction, Cambridge University Press.
  • Lexicon of Linguistics, Johan Kerstens, Eddy Ruys, Joost Zwarts (éds.), Utrecht institute of Linguistics OTS, 1996-2001.
  • Smith, Neil. 2002. Language, Bananas & Bonobos; Linguistic Problems, Puzzles and Polemics, Blackwell Publishers.
  • Zribi-Hertz, Anne. 1996. 'Glossaire français-anglais', L'anaphore et les pronoms, une introduction à la syntaxe générative, Sens et structure, Septentrion, Presses Universitaires.