Glossary : Différence entre versions

De Arbres
Aller à : navigation, rechercher
(E)
(S)
 
(97 révisions intermédiaires par le même utilisateur non affichées)
Ligne 1 : Ligne 1 :
This page lists the English terms for the basic notions used in formal syntax. The active links send toward pages of definitions and explanations, illustrated by Breton data.
+
This page lists the English terms for the basic notions used in descriptive or formal syntax. The active links send toward pages of definitions and explanations, illustrated by Breton data.
  
For the list of these terms in French, browse the [[glossaire]] in French.
+
The entries of this lexicon are all searchable on the website via the research box on the right up corner of your screen.
 +
 
 +
: For a list of these terms in French, browse the [[glossaire]] in French.
 +
: For a list of these terms in Breton, browse the [[glossaire en breton|glossary in Breton]].
  
  
Ligne 7 : Ligne 10 :
  
 
* [[A-bar movement]]
 
* [[A-bar movement]]
 +
* [[Abreviations]]
 
* [[Absorption]]
 
* [[Absorption]]
 +
* [[Abstract noun]]
 
* [[A Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[A Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[Accusative]]
 
* [[Accusative]]
Ligne 15 : Ligne 20 :
 
* [[Adverb]]
 
* [[Adverb]]
 
* [[Adverbial clause]]
 
* [[Adverbial clause]]
 +
* [[Affirmative]]
 
* [[Affix]]
 
* [[Affix]]
 
* [[Agent]]
 
* [[Agent]]
 
* [[Agreement]]
 
* [[Agreement]]
* [[morphème|Allomorph]]
+
* [[Allomorph]]
 +
* [[Allomorphy]]
 +
* [[Allophone]]
 
* [[Analytic verb]]
 
* [[Analytic verb]]
 
* [[A movement]]
 
* [[A movement]]
Ligne 24 : Ligne 32 :
 
* [[Analytic tense]]
 
* [[Analytic tense]]
 
* [[Analytic verb]]
 
* [[Analytic verb]]
 +
* [[Answer questions]]
 
* [[Antecedent]]
 
* [[Antecedent]]
 
* [[Anteposition]]
 
* [[Anteposition]]
 
* [[Antipassive]]
 
* [[Antipassive]]
 +
* [[Apodosis]]
 
* [[A position]]
 
* [[A position]]
 
* [[Applicative]]
 
* [[Applicative]]
Ligne 32 : Ligne 42 :
 
* [[Argument]]
 
* [[Argument]]
 
* [[Argumental structure]]
 
* [[Argumental structure]]
* [[Aspect]]
+
* [[Aspect]], [[aspectual]]
 
* [[Auxiliary]]
 
* [[Auxiliary]]
  
Ligne 38 : Ligne 48 :
  
 
* [[Barrier]]
 
* [[Barrier]]
 +
* [[Base]]
 
* [[Benefactive]]
 
* [[Benefactive]]
 
* [[B Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[B Condition]] on [[binding]]
Ligne 46 : Ligne 57 :
 
* [[Bipartite negation]]
 
* [[Bipartite negation]]
 
* [[Borrowing]]
 
* [[Borrowing]]
 +
* [[Broad subject]]
  
 
== C ==
 
== C ==
Ligne 57 : Ligne 69 :
 
* [[C Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[C Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[Chain]]
 
* [[Chain]]
 +
* [[Clausal complement]]
 
* [[Clause]]
 
* [[Clause]]
 
* [[Cleft]]
 
* [[Cleft]]
Ligne 62 : Ligne 75 :
 
* [[Code-switching]]
 
* [[Code-switching]]
 
* [[Co-indexation]]
 
* [[Co-indexation]]
 +
* [[Collective nouns]]
 
* [[Common noun]]
 
* [[Common noun]]
 
* [[Communication]]
 
* [[Communication]]
 
* [[Competence]]
 
* [[Competence]]
 
* [[Complement]]
 
* [[Complement]]
 +
* [[Complement clause]]
 +
* [[Complementarity effect]]
 
* [[Complementarity Principle]]
 
* [[Complementarity Principle]]
 
* [[Complementizer]]
 
* [[Complementizer]]
 
* [[Completive]]
 
* [[Completive]]
 +
* [[Compound past]]
 +
* [[Compound tense]]
 
* [[Compound words]]
 
* [[Compound words]]
 
* [[Concessive]]
 
* [[Concessive]]
 +
* [[Conditional]]
 
* [[Conjunction]]
 
* [[Conjunction]]
 
* [[Consecutive]]
 
* [[Consecutive]]
 +
* [[Consequence]] (effect)
 
* [[Consonant mutation]]
 
* [[Consonant mutation]]
 
* [[Constituency]], [[Constituent]]
 
* [[Constituency]], [[Constituent]]
 +
* [[Construct state]]
 
* [[Contact]]
 
* [[Contact]]
 
* [[Copy]]
 
* [[Copy]]
 
* [[Critical period for language acquisition]]
 
* [[Critical period for language acquisition]]
* [[Contrastive]]
+
* [[Contrastive]], [[Contrastive focus]]
* [[Control-verb]]
+
* [[Control verb]]
 
* [[Coreferent]], [[Coreferential]]
 
* [[Coreferent]], [[Coreferential]]
 
* [[&|Coordination]]
 
* [[&|Coordination]]
 
* [[Copula]]
 
* [[Copula]]
 +
* [[Copular construction]]
 
* [[Corpus]]
 
* [[Corpus]]
 
* [[Count nouns]]
 
* [[Count nouns]]
Ligne 95 : Ligne 117 :
 
* [[Definite]]
 
* [[Definite]]
 
* [[Deictic]]
 
* [[Deictic]]
 +
* [[Demonstrative]]
 +
* [[Demonstrative particule]] (''[[ads|-mañ, -ze, -hont]]'')
 
* [[Denote]]
 
* [[Denote]]
 
* [[Deontic]]
 
* [[Deontic]]
 
* [[Derivation]]
 
* [[Derivation]]
 +
* [[Desubordination]]
 
* [[Determiner]]
 
* [[Determiner]]
 
* [[Detransitive]]
 
* [[Detransitive]]
Ligne 106 : Ligne 131 :
 
* [[Diminutive]]
 
* [[Diminutive]]
 
* [[Direct Case]]
 
* [[Direct Case]]
 +
* [[Directional particle]]
 
* [[Discontinuous negation]]
 
* [[Discontinuous negation]]
 
* [[Disjunction]]
 
* [[Disjunction]]
Ligne 137 : Ligne 163 :
 
* [[Expletive]]
 
* [[Expletive]]
 
* [[Expletive negation]]
 
* [[Expletive negation]]
 +
* [[Extended projection principle]] ([[EPP]])
 
* [[Extraction]]
 
* [[Extraction]]
  
Ligne 145 : Ligne 172 :
 
* [[Floating quantifier]]
 
* [[Floating quantifier]]
 
* [[Focus]]
 
* [[Focus]]
 +
* [[Forme hypothétique]]
 +
* [[Forme potentielle]]
 
* [[Free]] (cf. [[binding]])
 
* [[Free]] (cf. [[binding]])
 
* [[Fronting]]
 
* [[Fronting]]
 
* [[Frozen agreement]]
 
* [[Frozen agreement]]
 
* [[Functionnal]]
 
* [[Functionnal]]
 +
* [[Futur]]
 +
* [[Futur perfect]]
  
 
== G ==
 
== G ==
Ligne 156 : Ligne 187 :
 
* [[Generative]]
 
* [[Generative]]
 
* [[Genericity]], [[Generic reading]]
 
* [[Genericity]], [[Generic reading]]
 +
* [[Genitiv]]
 +
* [[Givenness]]
 
* [[Goal]]
 
* [[Goal]]
 +
* [[Government and Binding theory]]
 +
* [[Gradability]]
 
* [[Grammaticalisation]]
 
* [[Grammaticalisation]]
* [[Grammaticality]]
+
* [[Grammatical]], [[Grammaticality]]
  
 
== H ==
 
== H ==
Ligne 164 : Ligne 199 :
 
* [[Head movement]]
 
* [[Head movement]]
 
* [[Head Parameter]]
 
* [[Head Parameter]]
 +
* [[Heritage language]]
 +
* [[Homophone]]
 
* [[Hypocorism]]
 
* [[Hypocorism]]
  
Ligne 177 : Ligne 214 :
 
* [[Incorporation]]
 
* [[Incorporation]]
 
* [[Indefinite]]
 
* [[Indefinite]]
 +
* [[Independent clause]]
 +
* [[Independent pronouns]]
 
* [[Indicative]]
 
* [[Indicative]]
 
* [[Infinitive clauses]]
 
* [[Infinitive clauses]]
Ligne 185 : Ligne 224 :
 
* ''[[In situ]]''
 
* ''[[In situ]]''
 
* [[Instrumental]]
 
* [[Instrumental]]
 +
* [[Insubordination]]
 
* [[Intensifier]]
 
* [[Intensifier]]
 
* [[Projection|Intermediate projection]]
 
* [[Projection|Intermediate projection]]
Ligne 190 : Ligne 230 :
 
* [[International Phonetic Alphabet]] ([[API|IPA]])
 
* [[International Phonetic Alphabet]] ([[API|IPA]])
 
* [[Interrogative]]
 
* [[Interrogative]]
 +
* [[Interrogative word]]
 
* [[Intonation]]
 
* [[Intonation]]
 
* [[Intransitive]]
 
* [[Intransitive]]
 +
* [[Irrealis conditional]]
 +
* [[Irregular verbs]]
 
* [[Islands]] for movement
 
* [[Islands]] for movement
 
* [[Iterativity]]
 
* [[Iterativity]]
Ligne 198 : Ligne 241 :
  
 
* [[Kind reading]]
 
* [[Kind reading]]
 +
* [[KLT]]
  
 
== L ==
 
== L ==
  
 +
* [[L1]]
 +
* [[L2]]
 
* [[Landing site]]
 
* [[Landing site]]
* [[Langage acquisition]]
+
* [[Language acquisition]]
 
* [[Last Resort Principle]]
 
* [[Last Resort Principle]]
 
* [[Left-dislocation]]
 
* [[Left-dislocation]]
 +
* [[Left periphery]]
 
* [[Lessener]]
 
* [[Lessener]]
 
* [[Level of representation]]
 
* [[Level of representation]]
Ligne 213 : Ligne 260 :
 
* [[Linguistic Determinism]]
 
* [[Linguistic Determinism]]
 
* [[Linguistic Relativity]]
 
* [[Linguistic Relativity]]
 +
* [[Loanword]]
 
* [[Local domain]]
 
* [[Local domain]]
 
* [[Local]], [[Locality]]
 
* [[Local]], [[Locality]]
Ligne 223 : Ligne 271 :
 
== M ==
 
== M ==
  
 +
* [[Main clause]]
 
* [[Malefactive]]
 
* [[Malefactive]]
 
* [[Mass nouns]]
 
* [[Mass nouns]]
* [[Matrix sentence]]
+
* [[Matrix clause]]
 
* [[Projection|Maximal  projection]]
 
* [[Projection|Maximal  projection]]
 
* [[Merge]]
 
* [[Merge]]
 
* [[Meteorological pronoun]]
 
* [[Meteorological pronoun]]
 +
* [[Middle Breton]]
 
* [[Middle field]]
 
* [[Middle field]]
 
* [[Minimalist program]]
 
* [[Minimalist program]]
 
* [[Minimizer]]
 
* [[Minimizer]]
 
* [[Projection|Minimal  projection]]
 
* [[Projection|Minimal  projection]]
* [[Modal]]
+
* [[Modal]], [[Modals]]
 
* [[Modal constructions]]
 
* [[Modal constructions]]
 
* [[Modification]]
 
* [[Modification]]
 
* [[Module]]
 
* [[Module]]
 +
* [[Month name]]
 
* [[Mood]]
 
* [[Mood]]
 
* [[Morpheme]]
 
* [[Morpheme]]
Ligne 245 : Ligne 296 :
 
* [[Natural languages]]
 
* [[Natural languages]]
 
* [[Natural speech processing]]
 
* [[Natural speech processing]]
 +
* [[Near futur]]
 
* [[Negation]]
 
* [[Negation]]
 
* [[Negative concord]]
 
* [[Negative concord]]
Ligne 250 : Ligne 302 :
 
* [[Negative polarity item]], ([[NPI]])
 
* [[Negative polarity item]], ([[NPI]])
 
* [[Negative word]]
 
* [[Negative word]]
 +
* [[Neo-Breton]]
 
* [[IN|Neuter]]
 
* [[IN|Neuter]]
 
* [[Node]]
 
* [[Node]]
Ligne 260 : Ligne 313 :
 
* [[Oblique Case]]
 
* [[Oblique Case]]
 
* [[Object]]
 
* [[Object]]
 +
* [[Old Breton]]
 
* [[Operator]]
 
* [[Operator]]
 
* [[Optative]]
 
* [[Optative]]
Ligne 267 : Ligne 321 :
  
  
 +
* [[Parataxis]]
 
* [[Parsing]]
 
* [[Parsing]]
 +
* [[Past Conditional]]
 +
* [[Particle o]]
 
* [[Patient]]
 
* [[Patient]]
 +
* [[Perfect tense]]
 
* [[Perfective]]
 
* [[Perfective]]
 
* [[Periphery]]
 
* [[Periphery]]
* [[Person]]
+
* [[Person zero]]
 
* [[Person/case constraint]] (PCC)
 
* [[Person/case constraint]] (PCC)
 +
* [[Personal pronoun]]
 +
* [[Phase]]
 
* [[Phonological form]] ([[PF]])
 
* [[Phonological form]] ([[PF]])
 
* [[Phonology]]
 
* [[Phonology]]
 
* [[Pidgin]]
 
* [[Pidgin]]
 +
* [[Place-names]]
 +
* [[Pluperfect tense]]
 +
* [[Plural]]
 +
* [[Pluralia tantum]]
 +
* [[Pluralization]]
 +
* [[Polar questions]]
 
* [[Poor agreement]]
 
* [[Poor agreement]]
 
* [[Possessor]]
 
* [[Possessor]]
Ligne 285 : Ligne 351 :
 
* [[Predicate]]
 
* [[Predicate]]
 
* [[Prefix]]
 
* [[Prefix]]
 +
* [[Pre-modern Breton]]
 
* [[Prepositions]]
 
* [[Prepositions]]
 +
* [[Present]]
 +
* [[Present conditional]]
 +
* [[Principal clause]]
 
* [[Proclitic]]
 
* [[Proclitic]]
 +
* [[Progressive]]
 +
* [[Progressive degree modification]]
 +
* [[Pronominal A-form]]
 
* [[Pronom vide|PRO]], ''[[Pronom vide|pro]]''
 
* [[Pronom vide|PRO]], ''[[Pronom vide|pro]]''
 
* [[Pronoun]]
 
* [[Pronoun]]
Ligne 292 : Ligne 365 :
 
* [[Proper noun]]
 
* [[Proper noun]]
 
* [[Prosody]]
 
* [[Prosody]]
 +
* [[Protasis]]
  
 
== Q ==
 
== Q ==
  
 +
* [[Q particle]]
 
* [[Quantifier]]
 
* [[Quantifier]]
 +
  
 
== R ==
 
== R ==
  
 +
* [[Radical]]
 
* [[Raising]]
 
* [[Raising]]
 
* [[Raising verb]]
 
* [[Raising verb]]
 +
* [[Realis conditional]]
 
* [[Reciprocal]]
 
* [[Reciprocal]]
 
* [[Reconstruction]]
 
* [[Reconstruction]]
Ligne 308 : Ligne 386 :
 
* [[Referential expression]]
 
* [[Referential expression]]
 
* [[Referential index]]
 
* [[Referential index]]
 +
* [[Reflexive]]
 +
* [[Relative]], [[Relative clause]]
 +
* [[Relative pronoun]]
 
* [[Relevance]]
 
* [[Relevance]]
 
* [[Restrictivity]]
 
* [[Restrictivity]]
Ligne 317 : Ligne 398 :
 
* [[Right Hand Head Rule]] ([[RHHR]])
 
* [[Right Hand Head Rule]] ([[RHHR]])
 
* [[Root]]
 
* [[Root]]
 +
* [[Root clauses]]
  
 
== S ==
 
== S ==
Ligne 325 : Ligne 407 :
 
* [[Selection]]
 
* [[Selection]]
 
* [[Semantic agreement]]
 
* [[Semantic agreement]]
 +
* [[Simple past]]
 
* [[Singulative]]
 
* [[Singulative]]
 
* [[Small clause]]
 
* [[Small clause]]
Ligne 330 : Ligne 413 :
 
* [[Specifier]]
 
* [[Specifier]]
 
* [[Speech level]]
 
* [[Speech level]]
 +
* [[Spirantization]]
 +
* [[Split ergativity]]
 
* [[Standardization]]
 
* [[Standardization]]
 
* [[Stylistic Fronting]]
 
* [[Stylistic Fronting]]
Ligne 346 : Ligne 431 :
 
== T ==
 
== T ==
  
 +
* [[Tag questions]]
 
* [[Tense]]
 
* [[Tense]]
 
* [[That-trace effect]]
 
* [[That-trace effect]]
Ligne 352 : Ligne 438 :
 
* [[Thematic rôle]]
 
* [[Thematic rôle]]
 
* [[Thematic structure]]
 
* [[Thematic structure]]
 +
* [[Time]]
 
* [[Topic]]
 
* [[Topic]]
 +
* [[Topic-drop]]
 
* [[Trace]]
 
* [[Trace]]
 
* [[Transformation]]
 
* [[Transformation]]
Ligne 368 : Ligne 456 :
 
== V ==
 
== V ==
  
 +
* [[Vannetais]]
 
* [[V1]], [[V2]], [[V3]]
 
* [[V1]], [[V2]], [[V3]]
 
* [[Verbal particle]] ([[rannig]])
 
* [[Verbal particle]] ([[rannig]])
Ligne 383 : Ligne 472 :
 
* [[Weak definite]]
 
* [[Weak definite]]
 
* [[Weather expletive]]
 
* [[Weather expletive]]
 +
* [[Wrong subject construction]]
 
* [[X-barre]]
 
* [[X-barre]]
 +
* [[Yes/no questions]]
 
* [[Zero morpheme]]
 
* [[Zero morpheme]]
  

Version actuelle datée du 9 janvier 2021 à 21:27

This page lists the English terms for the basic notions used in descriptive or formal syntax. The active links send toward pages of definitions and explanations, illustrated by Breton data.

The entries of this lexicon are all searchable on the website via the research box on the right up corner of your screen.

For a list of these terms in French, browse the glossaire in French.
For a list of these terms in Breton, browse the glossary in Breton.


A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q


R

S

T

U

V

W, X, Y, Z

Bibliographie pédagogique

  • Doetjes, Jenny. 2006. Introduction à la phonologie française, matériaux de cours, Département de français, Université de Leyde.
  • Doetjes, Jenny. 2003. Introduction à la syntaxe française, matériaux de cours, Département de français, Université de Leyde.
  • Radford, A. 1997. Syntax, a Minimalist introduction, Cambridge University Press.
  • Lexicon of Linguistics, Johan Kerstens, Eddy Ruys, Joost Zwarts (éds.), Utrecht institute of Linguistics OTS, 1996-2001.
  • Smith, Neil. 2002. Language, Bananas & Bonobos; Linguistic Problems, Puzzles and Polemics, Blackwell Publishers.
  • Zribi-Hertz, Anne. 1996. 'Glossaire français-anglais', L'anaphore et les pronoms, une introduction à la syntaxe générative, Sens et structure, Septentrion, Presses Universitaires.