Glossary : Différence entre versions

De Arbres
Aller à : navigation, rechercher
(R)
(S)
 
(179 révisions intermédiaires par le même utilisateur non affichées)
Ligne 1 : Ligne 1 :
Cette page rassemble les termes en anglais des notions de base utilisées en syntaxe générative.  
+
This page lists the English terms for the basic notions used in descriptive or formal syntax. The active links send toward pages of definitions and explanations, illustrated by Breton data.
  
Les liens envoient vers les pages d'explication en français, illustrées d'exemples en breton.
+
The entries of this lexicon are all searchable on the website via the research box on the right up corner of your screen.
 +
 
 +
: For a list of these terms in French, browse the [[glossaire]] in French.
 +
: For a list of these terms in Breton, browse the [[glossaire en breton|glossary in Breton]].
  
Pour une recherche à partir des termes français, se reporter au [[glossaire]] en français.
 
  
 
== A ==
 
== A ==
  
 
* [[A-bar movement]]
 
* [[A-bar movement]]
 +
* [[Abreviations]]
 
* [[Absorption]]
 
* [[Absorption]]
 +
* [[Abstract noun]]
 
* [[A Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[A Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[Accusative]]
 
* [[Accusative]]
Ligne 16 : Ligne 20 :
 
* [[Adverb]]
 
* [[Adverb]]
 
* [[Adverbial clause]]
 
* [[Adverbial clause]]
 +
* [[Affirmative]]
 
* [[Affix]]
 
* [[Affix]]
 
* [[Agent]]
 
* [[Agent]]
 
* [[Agreement]]
 
* [[Agreement]]
 +
* [[Allomorph]]
 +
* [[Allomorphy]]
 +
* [[Allophone]]
 +
* [[Analytic verb]]
 
* [[A movement]]
 
* [[A movement]]
 
* [[Anaphora]]
 
* [[Anaphora]]
 +
* [[Analytic tense]]
 +
* [[Analytic verb]]
 +
* [[Answer questions]]
 
* [[Antecedent]]
 
* [[Antecedent]]
 
* [[Anteposition]]
 
* [[Anteposition]]
 +
* [[Antipassive]]
 +
* [[Apodosis]]
 
* [[A position]]
 
* [[A position]]
 +
* [[Applicative]]
 
* [[Apposition]]
 
* [[Apposition]]
 
* [[Argument]]
 
* [[Argument]]
 
* [[Argumental structure]]
 
* [[Argumental structure]]
* [[Aspect]]
+
* [[Aspect]], [[aspectual]]
 
* [[Auxiliary]]
 
* [[Auxiliary]]
  
Ligne 33 : Ligne 48 :
  
 
* [[Barrier]]
 
* [[Barrier]]
 +
* [[Base]]
 
* [[Benefactive]]
 
* [[Benefactive]]
 
* [[B Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[B Condition]] on [[binding]]
 +
* [[Binding theory]]
 +
* [[Bidialectal speaker]]
 +
* [[Bilingual]], [[bilingualism]]
 
* [[Binding]]
 
* [[Binding]]
 +
* [[Bipartite negation]]
 
* [[Borrowing]]
 
* [[Borrowing]]
 +
* [[Broad subject]]
  
 
== C ==
 
== C ==
Ligne 48 : Ligne 69 :
 
* [[C Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[C Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[Chain]]
 
* [[Chain]]
 +
* [[Clausal complement]]
 
* [[Clause]]
 
* [[Clause]]
 
* [[Cleft]]
 
* [[Cleft]]
Ligne 53 : Ligne 75 :
 
* [[Code-switching]]
 
* [[Code-switching]]
 
* [[Co-indexation]]
 
* [[Co-indexation]]
 +
* [[Collective nouns]]
 +
* [[Common noun]]
 
* [[Communication]]
 
* [[Communication]]
 
* [[Competence]]
 
* [[Competence]]
 
* [[Complement]]
 
* [[Complement]]
 +
* [[Complement clause]]
 +
* [[Complementarity effect]]
 
* [[Complementarity Principle]]
 
* [[Complementarity Principle]]
 
* [[Complementizer]]
 
* [[Complementizer]]
 
* [[Completive]]
 
* [[Completive]]
 +
* [[Compound past]]
 +
* [[Compound tense]]
 +
* [[Compound words]]
 
* [[Concessive]]
 
* [[Concessive]]
 +
* [[Conditional]]
 
* [[Conjunction]]
 
* [[Conjunction]]
 
* [[Consecutive]]
 
* [[Consecutive]]
 +
* [[Consequence]] (effect)
 
* [[Consonant mutation]]
 
* [[Consonant mutation]]
 +
* [[Constituency]], [[Constituent]]
 +
* [[Construct state]]
 
* [[Contact]]
 
* [[Contact]]
 +
* [[Copy]]
 
* [[Critical period for language acquisition]]
 
* [[Critical period for language acquisition]]
* [[Constituancy]], [[Constituant]]
+
* [[Contrastive]], [[Contrastive focus]]
* [[Contrastive]]
+
* [[Control verb]]
* [[Control-verb]]
+
* [[Coreferent]], [[Coreferential]]
* [[Coreferent]]
 
 
* [[&|Coordination]]
 
* [[&|Coordination]]
 
* [[Copula]]
 
* [[Copula]]
 +
* [[Copular construction]]
 
* [[Corpus]]
 
* [[Corpus]]
 
* [[Count nouns]]
 
* [[Count nouns]]
 +
* [[Creole]]
 +
* [[Cyclicity]]
  
 
== D ==
 
== D ==
  
 +
* [[Datif]]
 
* [[Default]]
 
* [[Default]]
 
* [[Defective]], [[defectivity]]
 
* [[Defective]], [[defectivity]]
 
* [[Definite]]
 
* [[Definite]]
 
* [[Deictic]]
 
* [[Deictic]]
 +
* [[Demonstrative]]
 +
* [[Demonstrative particule]] (''[[ads|-mañ, -ze, -hont]]'')
 
* [[Denote]]
 
* [[Denote]]
 
* [[Deontic]]
 
* [[Deontic]]
 
* [[Derivation]]
 
* [[Derivation]]
 +
* [[Desubordination]]
 
* [[Determiner]]
 
* [[Determiner]]
 
* [[Detransitive]]
 
* [[Detransitive]]
 
* [[Devoicing]]
 
* [[Devoicing]]
 
* [[Dialect]]
 
* [[Dialect]]
 +
* [[Dialectology]]
 
* [[Diglossia]]
 
* [[Diglossia]]
 +
* [[Diminutive]]
 
* [[Direct Case]]
 
* [[Direct Case]]
 +
* [[Directional particle]]
 +
* [[Discontinuous negation]]
 +
* [[Disjunction]]
 
* [[Dislocation]]
 
* [[Dislocation]]
 
* [[Displacement]]
 
* [[Displacement]]
 
* [[Distribution]]
 
* [[Distribution]]
 +
* [[Distributive]], [[Distributivity]]
 
* [[Ditransitive]]
 
* [[Ditransitive]]
 +
* [[Dominance]]
 +
* [[Doubling]]
 +
* [[DP]]
 +
* [[Dual]]
  
 
== E ==
 
== E ==
Ligne 100 : Ligne 150 :
 
* "[[Elsewhere Condition]]"
 
* "[[Elsewhere Condition]]"
 
* [[Ellipsis]]
 
* [[Ellipsis]]
* [[Embedded]]
+
* [[Embedded]], [[Embedded clause]]
 
* [[Empty pronoun]]
 
* [[Empty pronoun]]
 +
* [[Episodicity]], [[Episodic]]
 
* [[Epistemicity]]
 
* [[Epistemicity]]
 +
* [[Ergativity]]
 
* [[Evidentiality]]
 
* [[Evidentiality]]
 
* [[ECM|Exceptional Case Marking]]
 
* [[ECM|Exceptional Case Marking]]
Ligne 111 : Ligne 163 :
 
* [[Expletive]]
 
* [[Expletive]]
 
* [[Expletive negation]]
 
* [[Expletive negation]]
 +
* [[Extended projection principle]] ([[EPP]])
 
* [[Extraction]]
 
* [[Extraction]]
  
Ligne 116 : Ligne 169 :
  
 
* [[Feature checking]]
 
* [[Feature checking]]
 +
* [[Feature]]
 
* [[Floating quantifier]]
 
* [[Floating quantifier]]
 
* [[Focus]]
 
* [[Focus]]
 +
* [[Forme hypothétique]]
 +
* [[Forme potentielle]]
 +
* [[Free]] (cf. [[binding]])
 
* [[Fronting]]
 
* [[Fronting]]
 
* [[Frozen agreement]]
 
* [[Frozen agreement]]
 
* [[Functionnal]]
 
* [[Functionnal]]
 +
* [[Futur]]
 +
* [[Futur perfect]]
  
 
== G ==
 
== G ==
Ligne 127 : Ligne 186 :
 
* [[Gender]]
 
* [[Gender]]
 
* [[Generative]]
 
* [[Generative]]
* [[Genericity]]
+
* [[Genericity]], [[Generic reading]]
 +
* [[Genitiv]]
 +
* [[Givenness]]
 
* [[Goal]]
 
* [[Goal]]
 +
* [[Government and Binding theory]]
 +
* [[Gradability]]
 
* [[Grammaticalisation]]
 
* [[Grammaticalisation]]
* [[Grammaticality]]
+
* [[Grammatical]], [[Grammaticality]]
  
 
== H ==
 
== H ==
Ligne 136 : Ligne 199 :
 
* [[Head movement]]
 
* [[Head movement]]
 
* [[Head Parameter]]
 
* [[Head Parameter]]
 +
* [[Heritage language]]
 +
* [[Homophone]]
 +
* [[Hypocorism]]
  
 
== I ==
 
== I ==
  
 +
* [[Identity]], [[Sloppy identity]], [[Strict identity]]
 +
* [[Idiolect]]
 
* [[Idiomatism]]
 
* [[Idiomatism]]
 +
* [[Imperative]]
 
* [[Imperfective]]
 
* [[Imperfective]]
 
* [[Inchoative]]
 
* [[Inchoative]]
 
* [[Incise]]
 
* [[Incise]]
 +
* [[Incorporation]]
 
* [[Indefinite]]
 
* [[Indefinite]]
 +
* [[Independent clause]]
 +
* [[Independent pronouns]]
 
* [[Indicative]]
 
* [[Indicative]]
 
* [[Infinitive clauses]]
 
* [[Infinitive clauses]]
Ligne 152 : Ligne 224 :
 
* ''[[In situ]]''
 
* ''[[In situ]]''
 
* [[Instrumental]]
 
* [[Instrumental]]
 +
* [[Insubordination]]
 
* [[Intensifier]]
 
* [[Intensifier]]
 
* [[Projection|Intermediate projection]]
 
* [[Projection|Intermediate projection]]
 +
* [[Internal plural]]
 
* [[International Phonetic Alphabet]] ([[API|IPA]])
 
* [[International Phonetic Alphabet]] ([[API|IPA]])
 
* [[Interrogative]]
 
* [[Interrogative]]
 +
* [[Interrogative word]]
 
* [[Intonation]]
 
* [[Intonation]]
 
* [[Intransitive]]
 
* [[Intransitive]]
 +
* [[Irrealis conditional]]
 +
* [[Irregular verbs]]
 +
* [[Islands]] for movement
 +
* [[Iterativity]]
 +
 +
== K ==
 +
 +
* [[Kind reading]]
 +
* [[KLT]]
  
 
== L ==
 
== L ==
  
* [[Langage acquisition]]
+
* [[L1]]
 +
* [[L2]]
 +
* [[Landing site]]
 +
* [[Language acquisition]]
 
* [[Last Resort Principle]]
 
* [[Last Resort Principle]]
 
* [[Left-dislocation]]
 
* [[Left-dislocation]]
 +
* [[Left periphery]]
 
* [[Lessener]]
 
* [[Lessener]]
 
* [[Level of representation]]
 
* [[Level of representation]]
Ligne 169 : Ligne 257 :
 
* [[License]]
 
* [[License]]
 
* [[Light-verb]]
 
* [[Light-verb]]
* [[Local]]
+
* [[Linguistic continuum]]
* [[Locality]]
+
* [[Linguistic Determinism]]
 +
* [[Linguistic Relativity]]
 +
* [[Loanword]]
 +
* [[Local domain]]
 +
* [[Local]], [[Locality]]
 
* [[Logical form]] ([[LF]])
 
* [[Logical form]] ([[LF]])
 
* [[Logophoricity]], [[Logophoric]]
 
* [[Logophoricity]], [[Logophoric]]
 +
* [[Long distance agreement]]
 +
* [[Long distance extraction]]
 +
* [[Long head movement]], ([[LHM]])
  
 
== M ==
 
== M ==
  
 +
* [[Main clause]]
 
* [[Malefactive]]
 
* [[Malefactive]]
 
* [[Mass nouns]]
 
* [[Mass nouns]]
* [[Matrix sentence]]
+
* [[Matrix clause]]
 
* [[Projection|Maximal  projection]]
 
* [[Projection|Maximal  projection]]
 
* [[Merge]]
 
* [[Merge]]
 
* [[Meteorological pronoun]]
 
* [[Meteorological pronoun]]
 +
* [[Middle Breton]]
 
* [[Middle field]]
 
* [[Middle field]]
 
* [[Minimalist program]]
 
* [[Minimalist program]]
 +
* [[Minimizer]]
 
* [[Projection|Minimal  projection]]
 
* [[Projection|Minimal  projection]]
* [[Modal]]
+
* [[Modal]], [[Modals]]
 
* [[Modal constructions]]
 
* [[Modal constructions]]
 
* [[Modification]]
 
* [[Modification]]
 
* [[Module]]
 
* [[Module]]
 +
* [[Month name]]
 
* [[Mood]]
 
* [[Mood]]
 
* [[Morpheme]]
 
* [[Morpheme]]
Ligne 194 : Ligne 293 :
 
== N ==
 
== N ==
  
 +
* [[Natural language processing]]
 
* [[Natural languages]]
 
* [[Natural languages]]
 +
* [[Natural speech processing]]
 +
* [[Near futur]]
 
* [[Negation]]
 
* [[Negation]]
 
* [[Negative concord]]
 
* [[Negative concord]]
 +
* [[Negative evidence]]
 
* [[Negative polarity item]], ([[NPI]])
 
* [[Negative polarity item]], ([[NPI]])
 
* [[Negative word]]
 
* [[Negative word]]
 +
* [[Neo-Breton]]
 
* [[IN|Neuter]]
 
* [[IN|Neuter]]
 
* [[Node]]
 
* [[Node]]
Ligne 209 : Ligne 313 :
 
* [[Oblique Case]]
 
* [[Oblique Case]]
 
* [[Object]]
 
* [[Object]]
 +
* [[Old Breton]]
 
* [[Operator]]
 
* [[Operator]]
 
* [[Optative]]
 
* [[Optative]]
 +
* [[OVS]]
  
 
== P ==
 
== P ==
  
  
 +
* [[Parataxis]]
 
* [[Parsing]]
 
* [[Parsing]]
 +
* [[Past Conditional]]
 +
* [[Particle o]]
 
* [[Patient]]
 
* [[Patient]]
 +
* [[Perfect tense]]
 
* [[Perfective]]
 
* [[Perfective]]
 
* [[Periphery]]
 
* [[Periphery]]
* [[Person]]
+
* [[Person zero]]
 
* [[Person/case constraint]] (PCC)
 
* [[Person/case constraint]] (PCC)
 +
* [[Personal pronoun]]
 +
* [[Phase]]
 
* [[Phonological form]] ([[PF]])
 
* [[Phonological form]] ([[PF]])
 +
* [[Phonology]]
 +
* [[Pidgin]]
 +
* [[Place-names]]
 +
* [[Pluperfect tense]]
 +
* [[Plural]]
 +
* [[Pluralia tantum]]
 +
* [[Pluralization]]
 +
* [[Polar questions]]
 
* [[Poor agreement]]
 
* [[Poor agreement]]
 
* [[Possessor]]
 
* [[Possessor]]
Ligne 231 : Ligne 351 :
 
* [[Predicate]]
 
* [[Predicate]]
 
* [[Prefix]]
 
* [[Prefix]]
 +
* [[Pre-modern Breton]]
 
* [[Prepositions]]
 
* [[Prepositions]]
 +
* [[Present]]
 +
* [[Present conditional]]
 +
* [[Principal clause]]
 
* [[Proclitic]]
 
* [[Proclitic]]
 +
* [[Progressive]]
 +
* [[Progressive degree modification]]
 +
* [[Pronominal A-form]]
 
* [[Pronom vide|PRO]], ''[[Pronom vide|pro]]''
 
* [[Pronom vide|PRO]], ''[[Pronom vide|pro]]''
 
* [[Pronoun]]
 
* [[Pronoun]]
 
* [[Projection]]
 
* [[Projection]]
* [[Proper nouns]]
+
* [[Proper noun]]
 
* [[Prosody]]
 
* [[Prosody]]
 +
* [[Protasis]]
  
 
== Q ==
 
== Q ==
  
 +
* [[Q particle]]
 
* [[Quantifier]]
 
* [[Quantifier]]
 +
  
 
== R ==
 
== R ==
  
 +
* [[Radical]]
 
* [[Raising]]
 
* [[Raising]]
 
* [[Raising verb]]
 
* [[Raising verb]]
 +
* [[Realis conditional]]
 +
* [[Reciprocal]]
 
* [[Reconstruction]]
 
* [[Reconstruction]]
 
* [[Recursivity]]
 
* [[Recursivity]]
Ligne 253 : Ligne 386 :
 
* [[Referential expression]]
 
* [[Referential expression]]
 
* [[Referential index]]
 
* [[Referential index]]
 +
* [[Reflexive]]
 +
* [[Relative]], [[Relative clause]]
 +
* [[Relative pronoun]]
 
* [[Relevance]]
 
* [[Relevance]]
 
* [[Restrictivity]]
 
* [[Restrictivity]]
Ligne 260 : Ligne 396 :
 
* [[Rich agreement]]
 
* [[Rich agreement]]
 
* [[Right-dislocation]]
 
* [[Right-dislocation]]
 +
* [[Right Hand Head Rule]] ([[RHHR]])
 
* [[Root]]
 
* [[Root]]
 +
* [[Root clauses]]
  
 
== S ==
 
== S ==
  
 +
* [[Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis]]
 
* [[Scope]]
 
* [[Scope]]
 
* [[Scrambling]]
 
* [[Scrambling]]
 
* [[Selection]]
 
* [[Selection]]
 +
* [[Semantic agreement]]
 +
* [[Simple past]]
 
* [[Singulative]]
 
* [[Singulative]]
 
* [[Small clause]]
 
* [[Small clause]]
 +
* [[Specificity]], [[Specific]]
 
* [[Specifier]]
 
* [[Specifier]]
 
* [[Speech level]]
 
* [[Speech level]]
 +
* [[Spirantization]]
 +
* [[Split ergativity]]
 
* [[Standardization]]
 
* [[Standardization]]
 +
* [[Stylistic Fronting]]
 
* [[Subject]]
 
* [[Subject]]
 
* [[Substantivization]]
 
* [[Substantivization]]
 
* [[Suffix]]
 
* [[Suffix]]
 
* [[Superlative]]
 
* [[Superlative]]
 +
* [[SVO]]
 
* [[head|Syntactic head]]  
 
* [[head|Syntactic head]]  
 +
* [[Syntactic agreement]]
 
* [[Syntactic movement]]
 
* [[Syntactic movement]]
 
* [[Syntactic structure]]
 
* [[Syntactic structure]]
 +
* [[Synthetic verb]]
 +
* [[Synthetic tense]]
  
 
== T ==
 
== T ==
  
 +
* [[Tag questions]]
 
* [[Tense]]
 
* [[Tense]]
 
* [[That-trace effect]]
 
* [[That-trace effect]]
Ligne 288 : Ligne 438 :
 
* [[Thematic rôle]]
 
* [[Thematic rôle]]
 
* [[Thematic structure]]
 
* [[Thematic structure]]
 +
* [[Time]]
 
* [[Topic]]
 
* [[Topic]]
 +
* [[Topic-drop]]
 
* [[Trace]]
 
* [[Trace]]
 +
* [[Transformation]]
 
* [[Transitive]]
 
* [[Transitive]]
 
* [[Tree]]
 
* [[Tree]]
Ligne 298 : Ligne 451 :
 
* [[Unaccusative]]
 
* [[Unaccusative]]
 
* [[Universal grammar]] ([[UG]])
 
* [[Universal grammar]] ([[UG]])
 +
* [[Universals]]
 
* [[Unergative]]
 
* [[Unergative]]
  
 
== V ==
 
== V ==
  
* [[V2]]
+
* [[Vannetais]]
 +
* [[V1]], [[V2]], [[V3]]
 +
* [[Verbal particle]] ([[rannig]])
 +
* [[Verb doubling]]
 
* [[Vocative]]
 
* [[Vocative]]
 
* [[Vocative pronoun]]
 
* [[Vocative pronoun]]
 
* [[Voicing]]
 
* [[Voicing]]
 +
* [[Volitive]]
 +
* [[VP fronting]]
 
* [[VSO]]
 
* [[VSO]]
  
== W ==
+
== W, X, Y, Z ==
  
 +
* [[Weak crossover]]
 +
* [[Weak definite]]
 
* [[Weather expletive]]
 
* [[Weather expletive]]
 +
* [[Wrong subject construction]]
 +
* [[X-barre]]
 +
* [[Yes/no questions]]
 +
* [[Zero morpheme]]
  
 
== Bibliographie pédagogique ==
 
== Bibliographie pédagogique ==
Ligne 324 : Ligne 489 :
 
* [http://www2.let.uu.nl/UiL-OTS/Lexicon/ Lexicon of Linguistics], Johan Kerstens, Eddy Ruys, Joost Zwarts (éds.), Utrecht institute of Linguistics OTS, 1996-2001.
 
* [http://www2.let.uu.nl/UiL-OTS/Lexicon/ Lexicon of Linguistics], Johan Kerstens, Eddy Ruys, Joost Zwarts (éds.), Utrecht institute of Linguistics OTS, 1996-2001.
  
* Smith, Neil. 2002. ''Language, Bananas & Bonobos; Linguistic Problems, Puzzles and Polemics'', Blackwell Publishers.  
+
* [[Smith (2002)|Smith, Neil. 2002]]. ''Language, Bananas & Bonobos; Linguistic Problems, Puzzles and Polemics'', Blackwell Publishers.  
  
 +
* [[Zribi-Hertz (1996)|Zribi-Hertz, Anne. 1996]]. 'Glossaire français-anglais', ''L'anaphore et les pronoms, une introduction à la syntaxe générative'', Sens et structure, Septentrion, Presses Universitaires.
  
 
[[Category:méta|Categories]]
 
[[Category:méta|Categories]]

Version actuelle datée du 9 janvier 2021 à 21:27

This page lists the English terms for the basic notions used in descriptive or formal syntax. The active links send toward pages of definitions and explanations, illustrated by Breton data.

The entries of this lexicon are all searchable on the website via the research box on the right up corner of your screen.

For a list of these terms in French, browse the glossaire in French.
For a list of these terms in Breton, browse the glossary in Breton.


A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q


R

S

T

U

V

W, X, Y, Z

Bibliographie pédagogique

  • Doetjes, Jenny. 2006. Introduction à la phonologie française, matériaux de cours, Département de français, Université de Leyde.
  • Doetjes, Jenny. 2003. Introduction à la syntaxe française, matériaux de cours, Département de français, Université de Leyde.
  • Radford, A. 1997. Syntax, a Minimalist introduction, Cambridge University Press.
  • Lexicon of Linguistics, Johan Kerstens, Eddy Ruys, Joost Zwarts (éds.), Utrecht institute of Linguistics OTS, 1996-2001.
  • Smith, Neil. 2002. Language, Bananas & Bonobos; Linguistic Problems, Puzzles and Polemics, Blackwell Publishers.
  • Zribi-Hertz, Anne. 1996. 'Glossaire français-anglais', L'anaphore et les pronoms, une introduction à la syntaxe générative, Sens et structure, Septentrion, Presses Universitaires.