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Cette page rassemble les fiches descriptives des notions de base utilisées en syntaxe générative. Elle n'a pas but d'exhaustivité, mais pourra permettre d'éclairer quelques notions.
+
This page lists the English terms for the basic notions used in descriptive or formal syntax. The active links send toward pages of definitions and explanations, illustrated by Breton data.
 +
 
 +
The entries of this lexicon are all searchable on the website via the research box on the right up corner of your screen.
 +
 
 +
: For a list of these terms in French, browse the [[glossaire]] in French.
 +
: For a list of these terms in Breton, browse the [[glossaire en breton|glossary in Breton]].
  
Pour une recherche à partir des termes anglais, se reporter au [[glossaire en anglais]].
 
  
 
== A ==
 
== A ==
  
 
* [[A-bar movement]]
 
* [[A-bar movement]]
 +
* [[Abreviations]]
 
* [[Absorption]]
 
* [[Absorption]]
 +
* [[Abstract noun]]
 
* [[A Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[A Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[Accusative]]
 
* [[Accusative]]
Ligne 13 : Ligne 19 :
 
* [[Adjunct]], [[Adjunction]]
 
* [[Adjunct]], [[Adjunction]]
 
* [[Adverb]]
 
* [[Adverb]]
 +
* [[Adverbial clause]]
 +
* [[Affirmative]]
 
* [[Affix]]
 
* [[Affix]]
 
* [[Agent]]
 
* [[Agent]]
 
* [[Agreement]]
 
* [[Agreement]]
 +
* [[Allomorph]]
 +
* [[Allomorphy]]
 +
* [[Allophone]]
 +
* [[Analytic verb]]
 
* [[A movement]]
 
* [[A movement]]
 
* [[Anaphora]]
 
* [[Anaphora]]
 +
* [[Analytic tense]]
 +
* [[Analytic verb]]
 +
* [[Answer questions]]
 
* [[Antecedent]]
 
* [[Antecedent]]
 
* [[Anteposition]]
 
* [[Anteposition]]
 +
* [[Antipassive]]
 +
* [[Apodosis]]
 
* [[A position]]
 
* [[A position]]
 +
* [[Applicative]]
 
* [[Apposition]]
 
* [[Apposition]]
 
* [[Argument]]
 
* [[Argument]]
 
* [[Argumental structure]]
 
* [[Argumental structure]]
* [[Aspect]]
+
* [[Aspect]], [[aspectual]]
 
* [[Auxiliary]]
 
* [[Auxiliary]]
  
 
== B ==
 
== B ==
  
 +
* [[Barrier]]
 +
* [[Base]]
 +
* [[Benefactive]]
 
* [[B Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[B Condition]] on [[binding]]
 +
* [[Binding theory]]
 +
* [[Bidialectal speaker]]
 +
* [[Bilingual]], [[bilingualism]]
 
* [[Binding]]
 
* [[Binding]]
 +
* [[Bipartite negation]]
 
* [[Borrowing]]
 
* [[Borrowing]]
 +
* [[Broad subject]]
  
 
== C ==
 
== C ==
Ligne 43 : Ligne 69 :
 
* [[C Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[C Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[Chain]]
 
* [[Chain]]
* [[Checking features]]
+
* [[Clausal complement]]
 
* [[Clause]]
 
* [[Clause]]
 
* [[Cleft]]
 
* [[Cleft]]
 
* [[Clitic]]
 
* [[Clitic]]
 +
* [[Code-switching]]
 
* [[Co-indexation]]
 
* [[Co-indexation]]
 +
* [[Collective nouns]]
 +
* [[Common noun]]
 +
* [[Communication]]
 
* [[Competence]]
 
* [[Competence]]
 
* [[Complement]]
 
* [[Complement]]
 +
* [[Complement clause]]
 +
* [[Complementarity effect]]
 +
* [[Complementarity Principle]]
 
* [[Complementizer]]
 
* [[Complementizer]]
 
* [[Completive]]
 
* [[Completive]]
 +
* [[Compound past]]
 +
* [[Compound tense]]
 +
* [[Compound words]]
 
* [[Concessive]]
 
* [[Concessive]]
 +
* [[Conditional]]
 
* [[Conjunction]]
 
* [[Conjunction]]
 
* [[Consecutive]]
 
* [[Consecutive]]
 +
* [[Consequence]] (effect)
 
* [[Consonant mutation]]
 
* [[Consonant mutation]]
* [[Constituancy]], [[Constituant]]
+
* [[Constituency]], [[Constituent]]
* [[Contrastive]]
+
* [[Construct state]]
* [[Control-verb]]
+
* [[Contact]]
* [[Coreferent]]
+
* [[Copy]]
 +
* [[Critical period for language acquisition]]
 +
* [[Contrastive]], [[Contrastive focus]]
 +
* [[Control verb]]
 +
* [[Coreferent]], [[Coreferential]]
 
* [[&|Coordination]]
 
* [[&|Coordination]]
 
* [[Copula]]
 
* [[Copula]]
 +
* [[Copular construction]]
 
* [[Corpus]]
 
* [[Corpus]]
 
* [[Count nouns]]
 
* [[Count nouns]]
 +
* [[Creole]]
 +
* [[Cyclicity]]
  
 
== D ==
 
== D ==
  
 +
* [[Datif]]
 
* [[Default]]
 
* [[Default]]
 +
* [[Defective]], [[defectivity]]
 
* [[Definite]]
 
* [[Definite]]
 
* [[Deictic]]
 
* [[Deictic]]
 +
* [[Demonstrative]]
 +
* [[Demonstrative particule]] (''[[ads|-mañ, -ze, -hont]]'')
 +
* [[Denote]]
 
* [[Deontic]]
 
* [[Deontic]]
 
* [[Derivation]]
 
* [[Derivation]]
 +
* [[Desubordination]]
 
* [[Determiner]]
 
* [[Determiner]]
 
* [[Detransitive]]
 
* [[Detransitive]]
 
* [[Devoicing]]
 
* [[Devoicing]]
 +
* [[Dialect]]
 +
* [[Dialectology]]
 +
* [[Diglossia]]
 +
* [[Diminutive]]
 
* [[Direct Case]]
 
* [[Direct Case]]
 +
* [[Directional particle]]
 +
* [[Discontinuous negation]]
 +
* [[Disjunction]]
 
* [[Dislocation]]
 
* [[Dislocation]]
 +
* [[Displacement]]
 
* [[Distribution]]
 
* [[Distribution]]
 +
* [[Distributive]], [[Distributivity]]
 
* [[Ditransitive]]
 
* [[Ditransitive]]
 +
* [[Dominance]]
 +
* [[Doubling]]
 +
* [[DP]]
 +
* [[Dual]]
  
 
== E ==
 
== E ==
Ligne 85 : Ligne 149 :
 
* [[Elision]]
 
* [[Elision]]
 
* "[[Elsewhere Condition]]"
 
* "[[Elsewhere Condition]]"
* [[Embedded]]
+
* [[Ellipsis]]
 +
* [[Embedded]], [[Embedded clause]]
 
* [[Empty pronoun]]
 
* [[Empty pronoun]]
 +
* [[Episodicity]], [[Episodic]]
 
* [[Epistemicity]]
 
* [[Epistemicity]]
 +
* [[Ergativity]]
 +
* [[Evidentiality]]
 
* [[ECM|Exceptional Case Marking]]
 
* [[ECM|Exceptional Case Marking]]
 
* [[Excorporation]]
 
* [[Excorporation]]
Ligne 95 : Ligne 163 :
 
* [[Expletive]]
 
* [[Expletive]]
 
* [[Expletive negation]]
 
* [[Expletive negation]]
 +
* [[Extended projection principle]] ([[EPP]])
 
* [[Extraction]]
 
* [[Extraction]]
  
 
== F ==
 
== F ==
  
 +
* [[Feature checking]]
 +
* [[Feature]]
 
* [[Floating quantifier]]
 
* [[Floating quantifier]]
 
* [[Focus]]
 
* [[Focus]]
 +
* [[Forme hypothétique]]
 +
* [[Forme potentielle]]
 +
* [[Free]] (cf. [[binding]])
 +
* [[Fronting]]
 
* [[Frozen agreement]]
 
* [[Frozen agreement]]
 
* [[Functionnal]]
 
* [[Functionnal]]
 +
* [[Futur]]
 +
* [[Futur perfect]]
  
 
== G ==
 
== G ==
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* [[Gap]]
 
* [[Gap]]
 
* [[Gender]]
 
* [[Gender]]
* [[Generate]]
 
 
* [[Generative]]
 
* [[Generative]]
* [[Genericity]]
+
* [[Genericity]], [[Generic reading]]
 +
* [[Genitiv]]
 +
* [[Givenness]]
 
* [[Goal]]
 
* [[Goal]]
 +
* [[Government and Binding theory]]
 +
* [[Gradability]]
 
* [[Grammaticalisation]]
 
* [[Grammaticalisation]]
* [[Grammaticality]]
+
* [[Grammatical]], [[Grammaticality]]
  
 
== H ==
 
== H ==
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* [[Head movement]]
 
* [[Head movement]]
 
* [[Head Parameter]]
 
* [[Head Parameter]]
 +
* [[Heritage language]]
 +
* [[Homophone]]
 +
* [[Hypocorism]]
  
 
== I ==
 
== I ==
  
 +
* [[Identity]], [[Sloppy identity]], [[Strict identity]]
 +
* [[Idiolect]]
 
* [[Idiomatism]]
 
* [[Idiomatism]]
* [[Inaccusative]]
+
* [[Imperative]]
 +
* [[Imperfective]]
 
* [[Inchoative]]
 
* [[Inchoative]]
 
* [[Incise]]
 
* [[Incise]]
 +
* [[Incorporation]]
 
* [[Indefinite]]
 
* [[Indefinite]]
 +
* [[Independent clause]]
 +
* [[Independent pronouns]]
 
* [[Indicative]]
 
* [[Indicative]]
* [[Inergative]]
 
 
* [[Infinitive clauses]]
 
* [[Infinitive clauses]]
 
* [[Infinitive verbs]]
 
* [[Infinitive verbs]]
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* ''[[In situ]]''
 
* ''[[In situ]]''
 
* [[Instrumental]]
 
* [[Instrumental]]
 +
* [[Insubordination]]
 
* [[Intensifier]]
 
* [[Intensifier]]
 
* [[Projection|Intermediate projection]]
 
* [[Projection|Intermediate projection]]
 +
* [[Internal plural]]
 
* [[International Phonetic Alphabet]] ([[API|IPA]])
 
* [[International Phonetic Alphabet]] ([[API|IPA]])
 
* [[Interrogative]]
 
* [[Interrogative]]
 +
* [[Interrogative word]]
 
* [[Intonation]]
 
* [[Intonation]]
 
* [[Intransitive]]
 
* [[Intransitive]]
 +
* [[Irrealis conditional]]
 +
* [[Irregular verbs]]
 +
* [[Islands]] for movement
 +
* [[Iterativity]]
 +
 +
== K ==
 +
 +
* [[Kind reading]]
 +
* [[KLT]]
  
 
== L ==
 
== L ==
  
 +
* [[L1]]
 +
* [[L2]]
 +
* [[Landing site]]
 +
* [[Language acquisition]]
 
* [[Last Resort Principle]]
 
* [[Last Resort Principle]]
 
* [[Left-dislocation]]
 
* [[Left-dislocation]]
 +
* [[Left periphery]]
 
* [[Lessener]]
 
* [[Lessener]]
 
* [[Level of representation]]
 
* [[Level of representation]]
Ligne 152 : Ligne 257 :
 
* [[License]]
 
* [[License]]
 
* [[Light-verb]]
 
* [[Light-verb]]
* [[Local]]
+
* [[Linguistic continuum]]
* [[Locality]]
+
* [[Linguistic Determinism]]
 +
* [[Linguistic Relativity]]
 +
* [[Loanword]]
 +
* [[Local domain]]
 +
* [[Local]], [[Locality]]
 
* [[Logical form]] ([[LF]])
 
* [[Logical form]] ([[LF]])
 +
* [[Logophoricity]], [[Logophoric]]
 +
* [[Long distance agreement]]
 +
* [[Long distance extraction]]
 +
* [[Long head movement]], ([[LHM]])
  
 
== M ==
 
== M ==
  
* [[Matrix sentence]]
+
* [[Main clause]]
 +
* [[Malefactive]]
 +
* [[Mass nouns]]
 +
* [[Matrix clause]]
 
* [[Projection|Maximal  projection]]
 
* [[Projection|Maximal  projection]]
 
* [[Merge]]
 
* [[Merge]]
 +
* [[Meteorological pronoun]]
 +
* [[Middle Breton]]
 
* [[Middle field]]
 
* [[Middle field]]
 
* [[Minimalist program]]
 
* [[Minimalist program]]
 +
* [[Minimizer]]
 
* [[Projection|Minimal  projection]]
 
* [[Projection|Minimal  projection]]
* [[Modal]]
+
* [[Modal]], [[Modals]]
 
* [[Modal constructions]]
 
* [[Modal constructions]]
 
* [[Modification]]
 
* [[Modification]]
 
* [[Module]]
 
* [[Module]]
 +
* [[Month name]]
 
* [[Mood]]
 
* [[Mood]]
 
* [[Morpheme]]
 
* [[Morpheme]]
Ligne 173 : Ligne 293 :
 
== N ==
 
== N ==
  
 +
* [[Natural language processing]]
 
* [[Natural languages]]
 
* [[Natural languages]]
 +
* [[Natural speech processing]]
 +
* [[Near futur]]
 
* [[Negation]]
 
* [[Negation]]
 
* [[Negative concord]]
 
* [[Negative concord]]
 +
* [[Negative evidence]]
 
* [[Negative polarity item]], ([[NPI]])
 
* [[Negative polarity item]], ([[NPI]])
 
* [[Negative word]]
 
* [[Negative word]]
 +
* [[Neo-Breton]]
 
* [[IN|Neuter]]
 
* [[IN|Neuter]]
 
* [[Node]]
 
* [[Node]]
Ligne 188 : Ligne 313 :
 
* [[Oblique Case]]
 
* [[Oblique Case]]
 
* [[Object]]
 
* [[Object]]
 +
* [[Old Breton]]
 +
* [[Operator]]
 
* [[Optative]]
 
* [[Optative]]
 +
* [[OVS]]
  
 
== P ==
 
== P ==
  
  
 +
* [[Parataxis]]
 
* [[Parsing]]
 
* [[Parsing]]
 +
* [[Past Conditional]]
 +
* [[Particle o]]
 
* [[Patient]]
 
* [[Patient]]
 +
* [[Perfect tense]]
 
* [[Perfective]]
 
* [[Perfective]]
 
* [[Periphery]]
 
* [[Periphery]]
* [[Person]]
+
* [[Person zero]]
 
* [[Person/case constraint]] (PCC)
 
* [[Person/case constraint]] (PCC)
 +
* [[Personal pronoun]]
 +
* [[Phase]]
 
* [[Phonological form]] ([[PF]])
 
* [[Phonological form]] ([[PF]])
 +
* [[Phonology]]
 +
* [[Pidgin]]
 +
* [[Place-names]]
 +
* [[Pluperfect tense]]
 +
* [[Plural]]
 +
* [[Pluralia tantum]]
 +
* [[Pluralization]]
 +
* [[Polar questions]]
 
* [[Poor agreement]]
 
* [[Poor agreement]]
 
* [[Possessor]]
 
* [[Possessor]]
Ligne 205 : Ligne 347 :
 
* [[Possessive determiner]]
 
* [[Possessive determiner]]
 
* [[Positive polarity item]], ([[PPI]])
 
* [[Positive polarity item]], ([[PPI]])
* [[Pragmatic]]
+
* [[Postpositions]]
 +
* [[Pragmatics]]
 
* [[Predicate]]
 
* [[Predicate]]
 
* [[Prefix]]
 
* [[Prefix]]
 +
* [[Pre-modern Breton]]
 
* [[Prepositions]]
 
* [[Prepositions]]
 +
* [[Present]]
 +
* [[Present conditional]]
 +
* [[Principal clause]]
 
* [[Proclitic]]
 
* [[Proclitic]]
 +
* [[Progressive]]
 +
* [[Progressive degree modification]]
 +
* [[Pronominal A-form]]
 
* [[Pronom vide|PRO]], ''[[Pronom vide|pro]]''
 
* [[Pronom vide|PRO]], ''[[Pronom vide|pro]]''
 
* [[Pronoun]]
 
* [[Pronoun]]
 
* [[Projection]]
 
* [[Projection]]
* [[Proper nouns]]
+
* [[Proper noun]]
 
* [[Prosody]]
 
* [[Prosody]]
 +
* [[Protasis]]
  
 
== Q ==
 
== Q ==
  
 +
* [[Q particle]]
 
* [[Quantifier]]
 
* [[Quantifier]]
 +
  
 
== R ==
 
== R ==
  
 +
* [[Radical]]
 
* [[Raising]]
 
* [[Raising]]
 
* [[Raising verb]]
 
* [[Raising verb]]
 +
* [[Realis conditional]]
 +
* [[Reciprocal]]
 +
* [[Reconstruction]]
 
* [[Recursivity]]
 
* [[Recursivity]]
 
* [[Reduplication]]  
 
* [[Reduplication]]  
Ligne 229 : Ligne 386 :
 
* [[Referential expression]]
 
* [[Referential expression]]
 
* [[Referential index]]
 
* [[Referential index]]
 +
* [[Reflexive]]
 +
* [[Relative]], [[Relative clause]]
 +
* [[Relative pronoun]]
 +
* [[Relevance]]
 
* [[Restrictivity]]
 
* [[Restrictivity]]
 
* [[Resultative]]
 
* [[Resultative]]
Ligne 235 : Ligne 396 :
 
* [[Rich agreement]]
 
* [[Rich agreement]]
 
* [[Right-dislocation]]
 
* [[Right-dislocation]]
 +
* [[Right Hand Head Rule]] ([[RHHR]])
 
* [[Root]]
 
* [[Root]]
 +
* [[Root clauses]]
  
 
== S ==
 
== S ==
  
 +
* [[Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis]]
 
* [[Scope]]
 
* [[Scope]]
 
* [[Scrambling]]
 
* [[Scrambling]]
 
* [[Selection]]
 
* [[Selection]]
 +
* [[Semantic agreement]]
 +
* [[Simple past]]
 
* [[Singulative]]
 
* [[Singulative]]
 
* [[Small clause]]
 
* [[Small clause]]
 +
* [[Specificity]], [[Specific]]
 
* [[Specifier]]
 
* [[Specifier]]
 
* [[Speech level]]
 
* [[Speech level]]
 +
* [[Spirantization]]
 +
* [[Split ergativity]]
 +
* [[Standardization]]
 +
* [[Stylistic Fronting]]
 
* [[Subject]]
 
* [[Subject]]
 +
* [[Substantivization]]
 
* [[Suffix]]
 
* [[Suffix]]
 
* [[Superlative]]
 
* [[Superlative]]
 +
* [[SVO]]
 
* [[head|Syntactic head]]  
 
* [[head|Syntactic head]]  
 +
* [[Syntactic agreement]]
 
* [[Syntactic movement]]
 
* [[Syntactic movement]]
 
* [[Syntactic structure]]
 
* [[Syntactic structure]]
 +
* [[Synthetic verb]]
 +
* [[Synthetic tense]]
  
 
== T ==
 
== T ==
  
 +
* [[Tag questions]]
 
* [[Tense]]
 
* [[Tense]]
 +
* [[That-trace effect]]
 
* [[Thematic criterion]]
 
* [[Thematic criterion]]
 
* [[Thematic grid]]
 
* [[Thematic grid]]
 
* [[Thematic rôle]]
 
* [[Thematic rôle]]
 
* [[Thematic structure]]
 
* [[Thematic structure]]
 +
* [[Time]]
 
* [[Topic]]
 
* [[Topic]]
 +
* [[Topic-drop]]
 
* [[Trace]]
 
* [[Trace]]
 +
* [[Transformation]]
 
* [[Transitive]]
 
* [[Transitive]]
 
* [[Tree]]
 
* [[Tree]]
Ligne 268 : Ligne 449 :
 
== U ==
 
== U ==
  
 +
* [[Unaccusative]]
 
* [[Universal grammar]] ([[UG]])
 
* [[Universal grammar]] ([[UG]])
 +
* [[Universals]]
 +
* [[Unergative]]
  
 
== V ==
 
== V ==
  
* [[V2]]
+
* [[Vannetais]]
 +
* [[V1]], [[V2]], [[V3]]
 +
* [[Verbal particle]] ([[rannig]])
 +
* [[Verb doubling]]
 
* [[Vocative]]
 
* [[Vocative]]
 
* [[Vocative pronoun]]
 
* [[Vocative pronoun]]
 
* [[Voicing]]
 
* [[Voicing]]
 +
* [[Volitive]]
 +
* [[VP fronting]]
 
* [[VSO]]
 
* [[VSO]]
 +
 +
== W, X, Y, Z ==
 +
 +
* [[Weak crossover]]
 +
* [[Weak definite]]
 +
* [[Weather expletive]]
 +
* [[Wrong subject construction]]
 +
* [[X-barre]]
 +
* [[Yes/no questions]]
 +
* [[Zero morpheme]]
  
 
== Bibliographie pédagogique ==
 
== Bibliographie pédagogique ==
 
This lexicon has been prepared with the following ressources:
 
  
 
* Doetjes, Jenny. 2006. ''Introduction à la phonologie française'', matériaux de cours, Département de français, Université de Leyde.
 
* Doetjes, Jenny. 2006. ''Introduction à la phonologie française'', matériaux de cours, Département de français, Université de Leyde.
Ligne 290 : Ligne 487 :
 
* [[Radford (1997)|Radford, A. 1997]]. ''Syntax, a Minimalist introduction'', Cambridge University Press.
 
* [[Radford (1997)|Radford, A. 1997]]. ''Syntax, a Minimalist introduction'', Cambridge University Press.
  
 +
* [http://www2.let.uu.nl/UiL-OTS/Lexicon/ Lexicon of Linguistics], Johan Kerstens, Eddy Ruys, Joost Zwarts (éds.), Utrecht institute of Linguistics OTS, 1996-2001.
 +
 +
* [[Smith (2002)|Smith, Neil. 2002]]. ''Language, Bananas & Bonobos; Linguistic Problems, Puzzles and Polemics'', Blackwell Publishers.
 +
 +
* [[Zribi-Hertz (1996)|Zribi-Hertz, Anne. 1996]]. 'Glossaire français-anglais', ''L'anaphore et les pronoms, une introduction à la syntaxe générative'', Sens et structure, Septentrion, Presses Universitaires.
  
 
[[Category:méta|Categories]]
 
[[Category:méta|Categories]]

Version actuelle datée du 9 janvier 2021 à 21:27

This page lists the English terms for the basic notions used in descriptive or formal syntax. The active links send toward pages of definitions and explanations, illustrated by Breton data.

The entries of this lexicon are all searchable on the website via the research box on the right up corner of your screen.

For a list of these terms in French, browse the glossaire in French.
For a list of these terms in Breton, browse the glossary in Breton.


A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q


R

S

T

U

V

W, X, Y, Z

Bibliographie pédagogique

  • Doetjes, Jenny. 2006. Introduction à la phonologie française, matériaux de cours, Département de français, Université de Leyde.
  • Doetjes, Jenny. 2003. Introduction à la syntaxe française, matériaux de cours, Département de français, Université de Leyde.
  • Radford, A. 1997. Syntax, a Minimalist introduction, Cambridge University Press.
  • Lexicon of Linguistics, Johan Kerstens, Eddy Ruys, Joost Zwarts (éds.), Utrecht institute of Linguistics OTS, 1996-2001.
  • Smith, Neil. 2002. Language, Bananas & Bonobos; Linguistic Problems, Puzzles and Polemics, Blackwell Publishers.
  • Zribi-Hertz, Anne. 1996. 'Glossaire français-anglais', L'anaphore et les pronoms, une introduction à la syntaxe générative, Sens et structure, Septentrion, Presses Universitaires.