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Cette page rassemble les fiches descriptives des notions de base utilisées en syntaxe générative. Elle n'a pas but d'exhaustivité, mais pourra permettre d'éclairer quelques notions.
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This page lists the English terms for the basic notions used in descriptive or formal syntax. The active links send toward pages of definitions and explanations, illustrated by Breton data.
 +
 
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The entries of this lexicon are all searchable on the website via the research box on the right up corner of your screen.
 +
 
 +
: For a list of these terms in French, browse the [[glossaire]] in French.
 +
: For a list of these terms in Breton, browse the [[glossaire en breton|glossary in Breton]].
  
Pour une recherche à partir des termes anglais, se reporter au [[glossaire en anglais]].
 
  
 
== A ==
 
== A ==
  
 
* [[A-bar movement]]
 
* [[A-bar movement]]
 +
* [[Abreviations]]
 
* [[Absorption]]
 
* [[Absorption]]
 +
* [[Abstract noun]]
 
* [[A Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[A Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[Accusative]]
 
* [[Accusative]]
Ligne 13 : Ligne 19 :
 
* [[Adjunct]], [[Adjunction]]
 
* [[Adjunct]], [[Adjunction]]
 
* [[Adverb]]
 
* [[Adverb]]
 +
* [[Adverbial clause]]
 +
* [[Affirmative]]
 
* [[Affix]]
 
* [[Affix]]
 
* [[Agent]]
 
* [[Agent]]
 
* [[Agreement]]
 
* [[Agreement]]
 +
* [[Allomorph]]
 +
* [[Allomorphy]]
 +
* [[Allophone]]
 +
* [[Analytic verb]]
 
* [[A movement]]
 
* [[A movement]]
 
* [[Anaphora]]
 
* [[Anaphora]]
 +
* [[Analytic tense]]
 +
* [[Analytic verb]]
 +
* [[Answer questions]]
 
* [[Antecedent]]
 
* [[Antecedent]]
 
* [[Anteposition]]
 
* [[Anteposition]]
 +
* [[Antipassive]]
 +
* [[Apodosis]]
 +
* [[A position]]
 +
* [[Applicative]]
 
* [[Apposition]]
 
* [[Apposition]]
 
* [[Argument]]
 
* [[Argument]]
* [[Aspect]]
+
* [[Argumental structure]]
 +
* [[Aspect]], [[aspectual]]
 
* [[Auxiliary]]
 
* [[Auxiliary]]
  
 
== B ==
 
== B ==
  
 +
* [[Barrier]]
 +
* [[Base]]
 +
* [[Benefactive]]
 
* [[B Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[B Condition]] on [[binding]]
 +
* [[Binding theory]]
 +
* [[Bidialectal speaker]]
 +
* [[Bilingual]], [[bilingualism]]
 
* [[Binding]]
 
* [[Binding]]
 +
* [[Bipartite negation]]
 
* [[Borrowing]]
 
* [[Borrowing]]
 +
* [[Broad subject]]
  
 
== C ==
 
== C ==
  
* [[Case system|Case]]
+
* [[Case assigning prepositions]]
 +
* [[Case system]]
 
* [[Case filter]]
 
* [[Case filter]]
 
* [[Category]]
 
* [[Category]]
Ligne 40 : Ligne 69 :
 
* [[C Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[C Condition]] on [[binding]]
 
* [[Chain]]
 
* [[Chain]]
* [[Checking features]]
+
* [[Clausal complement]]
 +
* [[Clause]]
 
* [[Cleft]]
 
* [[Cleft]]
 
* [[Clitic]]
 
* [[Clitic]]
 +
* [[Code-switching]]
 
* [[Co-indexation]]
 
* [[Co-indexation]]
 +
* [[Collective nouns]]
 +
* [[Common noun]]
 +
* [[Communication]]
 
* [[Competence]]
 
* [[Competence]]
 
* [[Complement]]
 
* [[Complement]]
 +
* [[Complement clause]]
 +
* [[Complementarity effect]]
 +
* [[Complementarity Principle]]
 
* [[Complementizer]]
 
* [[Complementizer]]
 
* [[Completive]]
 
* [[Completive]]
 +
* [[Compound past]]
 +
* [[Compound tense]]
 +
* [[Compound words]]
 
* [[Concessive]]
 
* [[Concessive]]
 +
* [[Conditional]]
 
* [[Conjunction]]
 
* [[Conjunction]]
 
* [[Consecutive]]
 
* [[Consecutive]]
 +
* [[Consequence]] (effect)
 
* [[Consonant mutation]]
 
* [[Consonant mutation]]
* [[Constituancy]], [[Constituant]]
+
* [[Constituency]], [[Constituent]]
* [[Contrastive]]
+
* [[Construct state]]
* [[Control-verb]]
+
* [[Contact]]
 +
* [[Copy]]
 +
* [[Critical period for language acquisition]]
 +
* [[Contrastive]], [[Contrastive focus]]
 +
* [[Control verb]]
 +
* [[Coreferent]], [[Coreferential]]
 
* [[&|Coordination]]
 
* [[&|Coordination]]
 
* [[Copula]]
 
* [[Copula]]
 +
* [[Copular construction]]
 
* [[Corpus]]
 
* [[Corpus]]
 +
* [[Count nouns]]
 +
* [[Creole]]
 +
* [[Cyclicity]]
  
 
== D ==
 
== D ==
  
 +
* [[Datif]]
 
* [[Default]]
 
* [[Default]]
 +
* [[Defective]], [[defectivity]]
 
* [[Definite]]
 
* [[Definite]]
 
* [[Deictic]]
 
* [[Deictic]]
 +
* [[Demonstrative]]
 +
* [[Demonstrative particule]] (''[[ads|-mañ, -ze, -hont]]'')
 +
* [[Denote]]
 
* [[Deontic]]
 
* [[Deontic]]
 
* [[Derivation]]
 
* [[Derivation]]
 +
* [[Desubordination]]
 +
* [[Determiner]]
 
* [[Detransitive]]
 
* [[Detransitive]]
 
* [[Devoicing]]
 
* [[Devoicing]]
 +
* [[Dialect]]
 +
* [[Dialectology]]
 +
* [[Diglossia]]
 +
* [[Diminutive]]
 
* [[Direct Case]]
 
* [[Direct Case]]
 +
* [[Directional particle]]
 +
* [[Discontinuous negation]]
 +
* [[Disjunction]]
 
* [[Dislocation]]
 
* [[Dislocation]]
 +
* [[Displacement]]
 
* [[Distribution]]
 
* [[Distribution]]
 +
* [[Distributive]], [[Distributivity]]
 
* [[Ditransitive]]
 
* [[Ditransitive]]
 +
* [[Dominance]]
 +
* [[Doubling]]
 +
* [[DP]]
 +
* [[Dual]]
  
 
== E ==
 
== E ==
Ligne 78 : Ligne 149 :
 
* [[Elision]]
 
* [[Elision]]
 
* "[[Elsewhere Condition]]"
 
* "[[Elsewhere Condition]]"
* [[Embedded]]
+
* [[Ellipsis]]
 +
* [[Embedded]], [[Embedded clause]]
 +
* [[Empty pronoun]]
 +
* [[Episodicity]], [[Episodic]]
 
* [[Epistemicity]]
 
* [[Epistemicity]]
 +
* [[Ergativity]]
 +
* [[Evidentiality]]
 
* [[ECM|Exceptional Case Marking]]
 
* [[ECM|Exceptional Case Marking]]
 
* [[Excorporation]]
 
* [[Excorporation]]
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* [[Experienceur]]
 
* [[Experienceur]]
 
* [[Expletive]]
 
* [[Expletive]]
 +
* [[Expletive negation]]
 +
* [[Extended projection principle]] ([[EPP]])
 
* [[Extraction]]
 
* [[Extraction]]
  
 
== F ==
 
== F ==
  
 +
* [[Feature checking]]
 +
* [[Feature]]
 +
* [[Floating quantifier]]
 
* [[Focus]]
 
* [[Focus]]
 +
* [[Forme hypothétique]]
 +
* [[Forme potentielle]]
 +
* [[Free]] (cf. [[binding]])
 +
* [[Fronting]]
 
* [[Frozen agreement]]
 
* [[Frozen agreement]]
 
* [[Functionnal]]
 
* [[Functionnal]]
 +
* [[Futur]]
 +
* [[Futur perfect]]
  
 
== G ==
 
== G ==
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* [[Gap]]
 
* [[Gap]]
 
* [[Gender]]
 
* [[Gender]]
* [[Generate]]
 
 
* [[Generative]]
 
* [[Generative]]
* [[Genericity]]
+
* [[Genericity]], [[Generic reading]]
 +
* [[Genitiv]]
 +
* [[Givenness]]
 
* [[Goal]]
 
* [[Goal]]
 +
* [[Government and Binding theory]]
 +
* [[Gradability]]
 
* [[Grammaticalisation]]
 
* [[Grammaticalisation]]
* [[Grammaticality]]
+
* [[Grammatical]], [[Grammaticality]]
  
 
== H ==
 
== H ==
  
 
* [[Head movement]]
 
* [[Head movement]]
 +
* [[Head Parameter]]
 +
* [[Heritage language]]
 +
* [[Homophone]]
 +
* [[Hypocorism]]
  
 
== I ==
 
== I ==
  
 +
* [[Identity]], [[Sloppy identity]], [[Strict identity]]
 +
* [[Idiolect]]
 
* [[Idiomatism]]
 
* [[Idiomatism]]
* [[Inaccusative]]
+
* [[Imperative]]
 +
* [[Imperfective]]
 
* [[Inchoative]]
 
* [[Inchoative]]
 
* [[Incise]]
 
* [[Incise]]
 +
* [[Incorporation]]
 
* [[Indefinite]]
 
* [[Indefinite]]
 +
* [[Independent clause]]
 +
* [[Independent pronouns]]
 
* [[Indicative]]
 
* [[Indicative]]
* [[Inergative]]
+
* [[Infinitive clauses]]
* [[Infinitive]]
+
* [[Infinitive verbs]]
 +
* [[Information structure]]
 
* [[Ingressive]]  
 
* [[Ingressive]]  
 
* [[Insertion]]
 
* [[Insertion]]
 
* ''[[In situ]]''
 
* ''[[In situ]]''
 
* [[Instrumental]]
 
* [[Instrumental]]
 +
* [[Insubordination]]
 
* [[Intensifier]]
 
* [[Intensifier]]
 +
* [[Projection|Intermediate projection]]
 +
* [[Internal plural]]
 
* [[International Phonetic Alphabet]] ([[API|IPA]])
 
* [[International Phonetic Alphabet]] ([[API|IPA]])
 
* [[Interrogative]]
 
* [[Interrogative]]
 +
* [[Interrogative word]]
 
* [[Intonation]]
 
* [[Intonation]]
 
* [[Intransitive]]
 
* [[Intransitive]]
 +
* [[Irrealis conditional]]
 +
* [[Irregular verbs]]
 +
* [[Islands]] for movement
 +
* [[Iterativity]]
 +
 +
== K ==
 +
 +
* [[Kind reading]]
 +
* [[KLT]]
  
 
== L ==
 
== L ==
  
 +
* [[L1]]
 +
* [[L2]]
 +
* [[Landing site]]
 +
* [[Language acquisition]]
 +
* [[Last Resort Principle]]
 
* [[Left-dislocation]]
 
* [[Left-dislocation]]
 +
* [[Left periphery]]
 
* [[Lessener]]
 
* [[Lessener]]
 +
* [[Level of representation]]
 
* [[Lexical]]
 
* [[Lexical]]
 
* [[License]]
 
* [[License]]
* [[Local]]
+
* [[Light-verb]]
* [[Locality]]
+
* [[Linguistic continuum]]
 +
* [[Linguistic Determinism]]
 +
* [[Linguistic Relativity]]
 +
* [[Loanword]]
 +
* [[Local domain]]
 +
* [[Local]], [[Locality]]
 
* [[Logical form]] ([[LF]])
 
* [[Logical form]] ([[LF]])
 +
* [[Logophoricity]], [[Logophoric]]
 +
* [[Long distance agreement]]
 +
* [[Long distance extraction]]
 +
* [[Long head movement]], ([[LHM]])
  
 
== M ==
 
== M ==
  
* [[Matrix]]
+
* [[Main clause]]
 +
* [[Malefactive]]
 +
* [[Mass nouns]]
 +
* [[Matrix clause]]
 +
* [[Projection|Maximal  projection]]
 
* [[Merge]]
 
* [[Merge]]
 +
* [[Meteorological pronoun]]
 +
* [[Middle Breton]]
 
* [[Middle field]]
 
* [[Middle field]]
* [[Modal]]
+
* [[Minimalist program]]
 +
* [[Minimizer]]
 +
* [[Projection|Minimal  projection]]
 +
* [[Modal]], [[Modals]]
 
* [[Modal constructions]]
 
* [[Modal constructions]]
 
* [[Modification]]
 
* [[Modification]]
 
* [[Module]]
 
* [[Module]]
 +
* [[Month name]]
 
* [[Mood]]
 
* [[Mood]]
 
* [[Morpheme]]
 
* [[Morpheme]]
 
  
 
== N ==
 
== N ==
  
 +
* [[Natural language processing]]
 
* [[Natural languages]]
 
* [[Natural languages]]
* [[Negative polarity item]]
+
* [[Natural speech processing]]
 +
* [[Near futur]]
 +
* [[Negation]]
 +
* [[Negative concord]]
 +
* [[Negative evidence]]
 +
* [[Negative polarity item]], ([[NPI]])
 +
* [[Negative word]]
 +
* [[Neo-Breton]]
 +
* [[IN|Neuter]]
 +
* [[Node]]
 +
* [[Noun]]
 +
* [[Null subject]]
 +
* [[Number]]
  
 
== O ==
 
== O ==
Ligne 161 : Ligne 313 :
 
* [[Oblique Case]]
 
* [[Oblique Case]]
 
* [[Object]]
 
* [[Object]]
 +
* [[Old Breton]]
 +
* [[Operator]]
 
* [[Optative]]
 
* [[Optative]]
 +
* [[OVS]]
  
 
== P ==
 
== P ==
  
* [[Person/case constraint]] (PCC)
 
* [[Phonological form]] ([[PF]])
 
* [[Poor agreement]]
 
* [[Positive polarity item]]
 
 
== R ==
 
 
* [[Raising]]
 
* [[Referential expression]]
 
* [[Referential index]]
 
* [[Rich agreement]]
 
* [[Right-dislocation]]
 
 
== S ==
 
 
* [[Syntactic movement]]
 
 
== T ==
 
 
* [[Thematic criterion]]
 
* [[Thematic grid]]
 
* [[Tree]]
 
 
== U ==
 
 
* [[Universal grammar]] ([[UG]])
 
 
 
 
===========================================================
 
  
 
+
* [[Parataxis]]
 
 
 
 
== N ==
 
 
 
* [[Negation]]
 
* [[Expletive negation]]
 
* [[IN|Neuter]]
 
* [[speech level]]
 
* [[Representation level]]
 
* [[Noun]]
 
* [[Proper nouns]]
 
* [[Number]]
 
* [[Count nouns]]
 
* [[Node]]
 
 
 
== P ==
 
 
 
* [[Head Parameter]]
 
 
* [[Parsing]]
 
* [[Parsing]]
 +
* [[Past Conditional]]
 +
* [[Particle o]]
 
* [[Patient]]
 
* [[Patient]]
 +
* [[Perfect tense]]
 
* [[Perfective]]
 
* [[Perfective]]
 
* [[Periphery]]
 
* [[Periphery]]
* [[Person]]
+
* [[Person zero]]
* [[Small clause]]
+
* [[Person/case constraint]] (PCC)
* [[Matrix sentences]]
+
* [[Personal pronoun]]
* [[Scope]]
+
* [[Phase]]
* [[A position]]
+
* [[Phonological form]] ([[PF]])
 +
* [[Phonology]]
 +
* [[Pidgin]]
 +
* [[Place-names]]
 +
* [[Pluperfect tense]]
 +
* [[Plural]]
 +
* [[Pluralia tantum]]
 +
* [[Pluralization]]
 +
* [[Polar questions]]
 +
* [[Poor agreement]]
 
* [[Possessor]]
 
* [[Possessor]]
* [[Pragmatic]]
+
* [[Possessive pronoun]]
 +
* [[Possessive determiner]]
 +
* [[Positive polarity item]], ([[PPI]])
 +
* [[Postpositions]]
 +
* [[Pragmatics]]
 
* [[Predicate]]
 
* [[Predicate]]
 
* [[Prefix]]
 
* [[Prefix]]
 +
* [[Pre-modern Breton]]
 
* [[Prepositions]]
 
* [[Prepositions]]
* [[Case assigning prepositions]]
+
* [[Present]]
* [[Last resort Principle]]
+
* [[Present conditional]]
* [[Minimalist program]]
+
* [[Principal clause]]
 +
* [[Proclitic]]
 +
* [[Progressive]]
 +
* [[Progressive degree modification]]
 +
* [[Pronominal A-form]]
 +
* [[Pronom vide|PRO]], ''[[Pronom vide|pro]]''
 
* [[Pronoun]]
 
* [[Pronoun]]
* [[Empty pronoun]], [[Pronom vide|PRO]], ''[[Pronom vide|pro]]''
 
* [[Vocative pronoun]]
 
* [[Clause]]
 
 
* [[Projection]]
 
* [[Projection]]
* [[Projection|Intermediate projection]]
+
* [[Proper noun]]
* [[Projection|Maximal  projection]]
 
* [[Projection|Minimal  projection]]
 
 
* [[Prosody]]
 
* [[Prosody]]
 +
* [[Protasis]]
  
 
== Q ==
 
== Q ==
  
 +
* [[Q particle]]
 
* [[Quantifier]]
 
* [[Quantifier]]
* [[Floating quantifier]]
+
 
  
 
== R ==
 
== R ==
  
* [[Root]]
 
 
* [[Radical]]
 
* [[Radical]]
* [[Simple reduplication]]
+
* [[Raising]]
 +
* [[Raising verb]]
 +
* [[Realis conditional]]
 +
* [[Reciprocal]]
 +
* [[Reconstruction]]
 
* [[Recursivity]]
 
* [[Recursivity]]
 +
* [[Reduplication]]
 
* [[Reference]]
 
* [[Reference]]
* [[Resomptivity of the subject]]
+
* [[Referential expression]]
* [[Resomptivity]]
+
* [[Referential index]]
 +
* [[Reflexive]]
 +
* [[Relative]], [[Relative clause]]
 +
* [[Relative pronoun]]
 +
* [[Relevance]]
 
* [[Restrictivity]]
 
* [[Restrictivity]]
 
* [[Resultative]]
 
* [[Resultative]]
* [[Thématic-rôle]]
+
* [[Resumptivity]]
 +
* [[Resumptivity of the subject]]
 +
* [[Rich agreement]]
 +
* [[Right-dislocation]]
 +
* [[Right Hand Head Rule]] ([[RHHR]])
 +
* [[Root]]
 +
* [[Root clauses]]
  
 
== S ==
 
== S ==
  
 +
* [[Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis]]
 +
* [[Scope]]
 
* [[Scrambling]]
 
* [[Scrambling]]
 
* [[Selection]]
 
* [[Selection]]
* [[Specifieur]]
+
* [[Semantic agreement]]
* [[Argumental structure]]
+
* [[Simple past]]
* [[Informational structure]]
+
* [[Singulative]]
* [[Syntactic structure]]
+
* [[Small clause]]
* [[Thematic structure]]
+
* [[Specificity]], [[Specific]]
 +
* [[Specifier]]
 +
* [[Speech level]]
 +
* [[Spirantization]]
 +
* [[Split ergativity]]
 +
* [[Standardization]]
 +
* [[Stylistic Fronting]]
 +
* [[Subject]]
 +
* [[Substantivization]]
 
* [[Suffix]]
 
* [[Suffix]]
* [[Subjet]]
 
* [[Null sujet]]
 
 
* [[Superlative]]
 
* [[Superlative]]
* [[Case system]]
+
* [[SVO]]
 +
* [[head|Syntactic head]]
 +
* [[Syntactic agreement]]
 +
* [[Syntactic movement]]
 +
* [[Syntactic structure]]
 +
* [[Synthetic verb]]
 +
* [[Synthetic tense]]
  
 
== T ==
 
== T ==
  
 +
* [[Tag questions]]
 
* [[Tense]]
 
* [[Tense]]
* [[Syntactic head]]  
+
* [[That-trace effect]]
 +
* [[Thematic criterion]]
 +
* [[Thematic grid]]
 +
* [[Thematic rôle]]
 +
* [[Thematic structure]]
 +
* [[Time]]
 
* [[Topic]]
 
* [[Topic]]
 +
* [[Topic-drop]]
 
* [[Trace]]
 
* [[Trace]]
 +
* [[Transformation]]
 
* [[Transitive]]
 
* [[Transitive]]
 +
* [[Tree]]
 
* [[Typology]]
 
* [[Typology]]
  
 
== U ==
 
== U ==
 +
 +
* [[Unaccusative]]
 +
* [[Universal grammar]] ([[UG]])
 +
* [[Universals]]
 +
* [[Unergative]]
  
 
== V ==
 
== V ==
  
 
+
* [[Vannetais]]
* [[Light-verb]]
+
* [[V1]], [[V2]], [[V3]]
* [[Raising-verb]]
+
* [[Verbal particle]] ([[rannig]])
* [[V2]]
+
* [[Verb doubling]]
 
* [[Vocative]]
 
* [[Vocative]]
 +
* [[Vocative pronoun]]
 
* [[Voicing]]
 
* [[Voicing]]
 +
* [[Volitive]]
 +
* [[VP fronting]]
 
* [[VSO]]
 
* [[VSO]]
 +
 +
== W, X, Y, Z ==
 +
 +
* [[Weak crossover]]
 +
* [[Weak definite]]
 +
* [[Weather expletive]]
 +
* [[Wrong subject construction]]
 +
* [[X-barre]]
 +
* [[Yes/no questions]]
 +
* [[Zero morpheme]]
  
 
== Bibliographie pédagogique ==
 
== Bibliographie pédagogique ==
 
This lexicon has been prepared with the following ressources:
 
  
 
* Doetjes, Jenny. 2006. ''Introduction à la phonologie française'', matériaux de cours, Département de français, Université de Leyde.
 
* Doetjes, Jenny. 2006. ''Introduction à la phonologie française'', matériaux de cours, Département de français, Université de Leyde.
Ligne 308 : Ligne 487 :
 
* [[Radford (1997)|Radford, A. 1997]]. ''Syntax, a Minimalist introduction'', Cambridge University Press.
 
* [[Radford (1997)|Radford, A. 1997]]. ''Syntax, a Minimalist introduction'', Cambridge University Press.
  
 +
* [http://www2.let.uu.nl/UiL-OTS/Lexicon/ Lexicon of Linguistics], Johan Kerstens, Eddy Ruys, Joost Zwarts (éds.), Utrecht institute of Linguistics OTS, 1996-2001.
 +
 +
* [[Smith (2002)|Smith, Neil. 2002]]. ''Language, Bananas & Bonobos; Linguistic Problems, Puzzles and Polemics'', Blackwell Publishers.
 +
 +
* [[Zribi-Hertz (1996)|Zribi-Hertz, Anne. 1996]]. 'Glossaire français-anglais', ''L'anaphore et les pronoms, une introduction à la syntaxe générative'', Sens et structure, Septentrion, Presses Universitaires.
  
 
[[Category:méta|Categories]]
 
[[Category:méta|Categories]]

Version actuelle datée du 9 janvier 2021 à 22:27

This page lists the English terms for the basic notions used in descriptive or formal syntax. The active links send toward pages of definitions and explanations, illustrated by Breton data.

The entries of this lexicon are all searchable on the website via the research box on the right up corner of your screen.

For a list of these terms in French, browse the glossaire in French.
For a list of these terms in Breton, browse the glossary in Breton.


A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q


R

S

T

U

V

W, X, Y, Z

Bibliographie pédagogique

  • Doetjes, Jenny. 2006. Introduction à la phonologie française, matériaux de cours, Département de français, Université de Leyde.
  • Doetjes, Jenny. 2003. Introduction à la syntaxe française, matériaux de cours, Département de français, Université de Leyde.
  • Radford, A. 1997. Syntax, a Minimalist introduction, Cambridge University Press.
  • Lexicon of Linguistics, Johan Kerstens, Eddy Ruys, Joost Zwarts (éds.), Utrecht institute of Linguistics OTS, 1996-2001.
  • Smith, Neil. 2002. Language, Bananas & Bonobos; Linguistic Problems, Puzzles and Polemics, Blackwell Publishers.
  • Zribi-Hertz, Anne. 1996. 'Glossaire français-anglais', L'anaphore et les pronoms, une introduction à la syntaxe générative, Sens et structure, Septentrion, Presses Universitaires.