Timm, L., 2001b. 'Transforming Breton: A Case Study in Multiply Conflicting Language Ideologies', Texas Linguistic Forum 44:447-461. pdf
Abstract: This study describes a complex and contested set of efforts by mid 20th-c. language strategists in Brittany to modernize and standardize the Breton language in a cal- culated attempt to hoist Breton to the rank of a world lan- guage. It considers accomplishments and setbacks of those efforts, and reactions to them by the traditional Breton-speaking population. It is shown that the language strategists were motivated by conceptions of language refracted through a lens colored by strong notions con- cerning language and identity and language and political economy. The conclusion considers the possible implica- tions for the perpetuation of Breton as one of Europe’s ‘small’ languages.