Morvan (2017)

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  • Morvan, Malo. 2017. Définir la "langue bretonne". Discours concurrentiels d'origination et d'identification dans les paratextes des dictionnaires bretons, thèse Université Paris Descartes. texte.


 Abstract (sur HAL, car la thèse en français ne comporte pas de résumé): 
 'Dictionaries are often seen a the place of the definitions, but very often the most important definition they give is not seen : the one concerning the language itself. Thus, while making their work, the authors have to make a selection of the words which will be retained and those which will not be taken in account. These choices rely on broader stances, related to their own convictions about what is "correct" language and what is not. The authors’ convictions are themself influenced by the socio-historical context in which the dictionary is written, but they also shape the further definitions of the language, given the reliability granted to those kind of books. This work aims to seek the way in which the definition of breton language is given in the paratext (forewords, introductions, prefaces, postfaces) of breton dictionaries published between 1499 and 2015. In particular, we focus on some discursive processes such as identifications, differentiations, and originations, which are used by the authors in order to reconfigure the language’s definition. A particular importance is given to the evolving use made of "Celts" in those definitions, and to the conflictuality in which they are set."


En préambule, un texte de témoignage de l'auteur sur son parcours de brittophone, de la scolarisation à Diwan à la découverte de la sociolinguistique.